Classics 106 Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classics 106 Final Deck (33):
1

Achilles

- son of Peleus and Thetis
- raised by Centaur Chiron
- kills Hector in revenge for his friend
- killed by Paris/Apollo via arrow to the ankle
- son Neoptolemus given his armor

2

Thetis & Peleus

- forced to marry because Thetis is destined to produce a son greater than his father
- goes through transformations before finally agrees to consummate

3

Eris/Strife & Apple of Discord

- beauty contest between Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera
- judged by Trojan Prince Paris
- Aphrodite chosen > Hera pissed
- Paris is given the most beautiful woman in the world as a prize > Helen

4

Helen

- Tyndareus (Zeus is her birth father) + Leda (of Sparta)
- Leda and the swan = Helen
- abducted by Paris
- Rescued from Troy by Menelaus

5

Pollux and Castor

- Castor killed and Pollux surrendered half of his immortality to let his brother live

6

Paris

- son of Priam
- exposed on Mt. Ida where Hermes brings the three goddesses to him

7

Patroclus

- companion of achilles
- wants to join battle so he dresses in armor of achilles and starts to fight
- killed by Hector and stripped of armor

8

Hector

- son of Priam and Hecuba
- wife Andromache
- son Scamandrius
- killed and abused by Achilles
- corpse anointed with ambrosia so it wouldn't rot
- Priam goes to achilles who surrenders the body

9

palladium

- trojan idol of athena
- city thought to be safe as long as she was present
- stolen by odysseus and diomedes

10

Neoptolemus

- sacrificed Polyxena to please his father since he loved her
- killed Priam at altar of Zeus
- will later die at Delphi for killing at sacred altar

11

Atreus

- brother of Thyestes
- son Agammemnon + Clytemnestra
- son Menelaus

12

Thyestes

- brother of Atreus
- son Aegisthus
- seduces wife's brother and given a golden fleece

13

Aegisthus

- seduces cousin-in-law
- murdered with Clytemnestra by Oresteia

14

Odysseus

- son telemachus
- wife penelope
- 10 years at Troy/10 year journey home
- goes to land of the dead and sees Elpenor who died without anyone knowing > given proper burial rites
- warned by tiresias about the dangers of returning home
- must perform sacrifice after killing suitors

15

Cyclops

- "round eye"
- Polyphemus > son of Poseidon
- Odysseus tells him his name is nobody and the cyclops says he'll eat him last
- pokes out cyclops eye
- odysseus almost escapes but boasts and Polyphemus asks poseidon to curse him

16

Circe

- as they are almost to Ithaca, odysseus falls asleep and his companions open the bag of winds whhich blow them back
- land on Aeaea > Circe's island
- daughter of Hellus
- turns odysseus' men into pigs
- odysseus shares her bed for a year
- finally asks to leave
- told to go see Tiresias / warned about Sirens\Scylla\Charybdis

17

Sirens

- song tempts sailors to their death
- wax in all ear except odysseus'

18

Scylla

- dog-like monster with six head with sark like rows of teeth
- advised to risk scylla and avoid charybdis

19

Charybdis

- giant whirlpool

20

Penelope

- suitors invade her house
- makes the promise that as soon as she finishes her weaving, she will pick
- deceives by taking out work at night
- odysseus comes home disguised with Athena's help
- odysseus kills suitors and is reunited with his wife

21

Aeneas

- escapes troy with father and son > loses wife in the chaos
- founds Latvium (second bride Lavinia)
- Ascanius (son) founds Alba Longa
- delayed in carthage by dido for several years before traveling to italy and fighting Turnus for Lavinia's hand

22

Romulus & Remus

- Rhea Silvia + Mars
- abandoned when great-uncle found his niece was no longer a virgin (he made her a vestal virgin when he removed her father)
- left at the tiber and found by a she-wolf
- Faustulus & Larentia witness the boys and the she-wolf and take them in to raise them

23

Rome

- asylum for all > many criminals and outcasts were the first romans
- fratricide of remus > captured and brought to Numitor (grandfather) who recognized him and they teamed up to kill Amulius
- rape of Sabines > needed woman to make rome

24

Agamemnon

- father of Menelaus (Helen's husband)
- husband of Clytemnestra/killed by her
- had to sacrifice daughter Iphigenia to Artemis before winds would return for him to go to the trojan war

25

Ajax

- father Telamon
- suitor of Helen
- one of the best warriors of the trojan war

26

Orestes

- killed his mother and uncle with help of sister Electra for killing his father and his father's mistress
- supposedly married his cousin and ruled peacefully

27

Lotus Eaters

- have flower/drug that makes you "high"

28

Laestrygonians

- cannibalistic royals that try to devour the whole crew

29

apotheosis

- deification of human > becoming a god

30

Tarquin the Proud

- 7th and last king of rome
- married to Tullia I after he killed his wife [Tullia II] and his brother and the king [Servius Tullius]

31

Lucretia

- wife of Tarquin Collatinus
- blackmailed by Sextus Tarquin into sleeping with him
- killed herself from shame

32

Brutus

- alleged ancestor of Marcus Brutus (Caesar)
- one of the first consuls of rome

33

Scaevola

- one of the bravest romans
- snuck back to etruscan camp to kill king Porsenna
- killed the secretary instead
- brought before king --> held his hand in the fire until it fell off