Classics 106 - Test 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classics 106 - Test 5 Deck (38):
1

Theseus

-son of aethra & aegeus
-raised by mother and sent to father when he was strong/old enough

2

Cecrops

-half-man, half-serpant
-claimed by Athenians as basis of their origin

3

Procne

-wife of tereus
-sends for sister who gets raped by procne's husband
-serves son to husband
-turned into nightingale after incident

4

Philomena

-sister of procne
-repeatedly raped & tongue cut out by Tereus after he fell in love with her
-turned to a swallow

5

Tereus

-husband of procne
-father of Itys
-served child as punishment for what he did to wife's sister

6

Itys

-child of tereus & philomena
-served to father after he raped wife's sister

7

Aegeus

-father of theseus
-king of athens
-dies when theseus comes home without changing the black sail

8

Aethra

-princess of troezen
-mother of theseus after affair with aegeus

9

Hippolytus

-youth who rejected advances of phaedra
-cursed by theseus and zeus after he "raped" her

10

Phaedra

-wife of theseus
-sister of ariadne
-falls for hippolytus who rejects her
-commits suicide after claiming he raped her

11

Pirithous

-son of Ixion
-king of lapiths
-tried to kidnap queen of the dead

12

Erichthonius

-early king of athens, succeeded cecrops
-born when athena being pursued by hephaestus wipes his seed of her leg on piece of wool and throws it to the ground

13

Erechtheus

-brother of procne & philomena

14

Pandion

-father of pronce, philomena, erechtheus
-suceeded erichthonius

15

Minotaur

-half-man, half-bull
-king minos required 7 athenian maidens/young men to be sacrificed to bull

16

Ariadne

-helped theseus slay minotaur
-since she shamed her family, she travels to athens with him
-theseus leaves her in sleep > saved & immortalized by Dionysus

17

Thebes

-Boetia "cow-land"
-cadmeians/cadmea

18

Cadmus

-went to search for sister after she is kidnapped by Zeus
-married daughter of ares & aphrodite (harmonia)
-children semele, ino, agave

19

Antiope

-zethus & aphion > children with zeus
-betrayed by sister dirce

20

Dirce

-aunt of zethus and amphion
-killed by bull set on her by nephews for betrayal

21

Oedipus

-destined to kill father Laius and marry/breed with mother Jocasta
-after he fulfills his destiny and realizes what he did, gauges his eyes out and wanders alone as poor man

22

sphinx

winged lion with woman's head

23

siren

bird with human head, typically female

24

Adrastus

-king of argos
-dies with Polynices in seven against thebes
-rescued from death by winged horse Arion

25

Jason

-father aeson, brother of pelias
-raised by centaur chiron when exiled by Pelias
-fathered a son with one lemnos woman
-sent to fetch golden fleece that "flew" to king aeetes in aea
-king did not want to part with it > sent jason on tasks

26

Argo/Argonauts

-lemnos: populated by foul smelling women who killed their husbands
-rescue blind seer phineus from harpies

27

Medea

-falls for jason, helps him get the fleece
-kills brother/dissects him
-has two sons with jason
-enraged when husband has to marry young princess
-kills her and the king through wedding gifts
-kills children and jason
-escapes to athens where she marries aegeus
-soon banished when she tries to kill theseus

28

Meleager

-destined to live as long as a log
-father Oeneus/mother Althea
-killed his uncles
-killed

29

Atalanta

-female warrior who was nearly impossible to beat
- in funeral games of Pelias, she wrestled achilles father
-races suitors to find her mate
-hippomenes wins

30

Bellerophon

-hero from corinth
-had pegasus>winged horse born from severed head of medusa
-acidentally killed someone > purified by king of tiryns/argos
-queen claimed he raped her b/c he would not be her lover
-offered lycian princess as rewards from Iobates
-not satisfied, tried to fly to olympus but fell and died
-pegasus made it

31

Proetus

-king of tiryns/argos
-purified bellerophon
-later exiled him to Iobates for "raping" his queen

32

Iobates

-king of lycia
-sent bellerophon on dangerous tasks

33

chimera

lion with she-goat head on back and snake tail

34

Procrustes

-man who altered people to fit his beds

35

Pasiphae

-daughter of helius [sun-god]
-wife of minos
-mother of ariadne, phaedra, and androgeus

36

Daedalus

-great craftsman imprisioned by minos to create labyrith for minotaur he 'helped' create

37

Icarus

-took wings made by father to escape crete
-flew too close to the sun and fell to his death

38

Pelias

-evil king/uncle of Jason
-killed by daughters who were tricked by Medea (sorceress linked to hera)