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Flashcards in Classification Deck (12):
1

Modern classification is based on

Structural similarities, evolutionary relationships and DNA evidence

2

Grouping of organisms

Organisms with a COMMON ANCESTOR are placed in the same group bc they are related to one another

3

Classification Categories

Kingdom-Phylum-Class-Order-Family-Genus-Species

King Phillip Came Over For Good Soup

4

Classification categories go from

General to specific
The # of organisms in each level decreases
Kingdom=broadest group
Species=narrowest group

5

Taxonomy

Branch of biology dealing with the classification and naming of living things

6

Domains

A broader group than kingdoms,
Prokaryotes (no nuclear membrane)
Monera (bacteria)
Eukaryotes (nuclear membrane, membrane bound organelles)
Protists, plants, fungi, animals

7

Carl Linnaeus

Father of modern classification
1758

8

Binomial nomenclature

Two word system of identifying organisms
Bi-2
Nom-name
Genus and species

9

Species

Organisms in the same species can reproduce together and produce fertile offspring

10

Genus and species

Genus (general) Capital
species (specific) lower case

11

Population

Think of WHERE
Specific species within a specialized AREA

12

Dichotomous key

Series of paired statements
Describes the presence or absence of certain characteristics or structures
A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world