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Flashcards in Colorectal Neoplasm Deck (22):
1

what should a person do if they have one polyp

get checked out 3 to 5 years

2

What should a person do if they have NO polyps

Get checked out every 10 years

3

What are the different forms of polyps

Sessile - lack of stalk
Pedunculate - with a stalk

4

What are the different classifications of polyps

non- neoplastic - Hyerplastic
Hamartoma - Juvenile Polyps
PJ syndrome
Neoplastic - Adenoma (villous)

5

What is FAP

it is Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. it is when a person develops polyps early in life. it is a lot of polyps with the risk of getting cancer being 100. the person has to get screened from age 10 every 1 to 2 years

6

What are the different variants of FAP

Gardner's Syndrome
Turbot syndrome

7

What is Lynch Syndrome

it is a disorder where there is a DNA mismatch repair gene that leads the person to having a higher risk for getting cancer but no polyps

8

What is the criteria for Lynch syndrome

must affect 3 relatives with 1 being 1st degree relative and 2 more generations

9

What is Peutz-Jegher Syndrome

it is a benign hamatomatous disorder wither there is high pigmentation in the lips, feet and hands

10

What is Colorectal Carcinoma

it is 3rd common cancer and it takes the form of adenocarcinoma.

11

What are the stats of colorectal carcinoma

over the age of 50
genetics
diet
IBG

12

What are the manifestations of Colorectal carcinoma

Bleeding
Abdominal Pain
changes in bowel habit
Weakness - Iron deficiency

13

What happens when the Fe is low

There is a need for the fecal occult test and you may have the tumor marker of CEA

14

What are 2 important factors with colorectal carcinoma

The depth of the invasion and the lymph node metastases

15

What are the 2 types of appendix issues you can have

Acute appendicitis
Carcinoid tumor

16

What is the pathogenesis of appendicitis

Inflammation/swelling
Bacterial growth
Obstruction

17

What is an important sign of appendicitis

air in the diaphragm

18

What are the manifestations of the appendicitis

fever
abdominal pain
Nausea and vomiting

19

What is the lab test done on appendicitis

leukocytosis

20

What are the physical exams of the appendicitis

McBurneys
Rovsing
Psosa
Obturator

21

What is spontaneous bacteria Peritonitis

E. coli infection of abdominal cavity

22

What is Anal Fissure

It is a tear in the anal canal that is due to the spasms and not being able to heal