Pneumothorax and Lung Tumors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pneumothorax and Lung Tumors Deck (14):
1

What is pneumothorax

it is air in the plural spaces

2

What are the types of pneumothorax

spontaneous and tension

3

What is the presentation in spontaneous pneumothorax

SOB
rupture of apical bleb
Absent sound
Tracheal devotion to affection side
O2 and chest tube

4

What is the presentation in tension pneumothorax

Patient comes int th R with a acute shortness of breath after a motor vehicle accident so it penetrating trauma to the lungs, tympanic percussion, absent breath sounds, tracheal deviation to the opposite side and needle decompression and chest tube

5

What is differ alveolar hemorrhagic syndromes

it is acute bleeding from the lungs ( upper respiratory tract and the trachea)

6

What are the 2 types of Diffuse alveolar hemorrhagic syndrome

Goodpasteur and Wegener' Granulomatosis

7

What is good Pasteur syndrome

it is when there are Antiglomuerular antibodies attack the basement membrane in the lungs and the kidneys that leads to bleeding in the lungs. the treatment is corticosteroids

8

What is wegners glomerulitits

it is a systematic vasculitis that affects the small and medium size vessels in many organs. You tend to see cytoplasmic anti-neutrophls and cytoplasmic antibodies (C-ANCA) with the inflammation. IT affects the lungs, kidneys and sinuses and the same treatment as Good Pasteur

9

What are the 4 types of lung tumors

Adenocarcinoma (Gland)
Squamous Cell carcinoma (keratin, Central)
Small cell carcinoma (Central, Neuro)
Large cell carcinoma (Peripheral and anaplastic)

10

What are the signs for Lung tumors

Cough
SOB
Weight loss
Hemoptysis

11

What is the most common type of lung tumor

Hamartoma
it is a coin lesion the consist of connective tissue, fat and blood vessel

12

What is Small Lung Cell Carcinoma

A lung tumor that deals with neuroendocrine hormone that are associated with SIADH (ADH), Cushing and Lambert-Eaton and Polymositits

13

What is Squamous cell carcinoma

type of lung tumor that is associated with smoking and hypercalcemia and is characterized by its keratin pearl.

14

What is adenocarcinoma

it lung tumor that is associated with glands or duct formation.