Hed and Neck Disease - neck Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hed and Neck Disease - neck Deck (10):
1

What is Branchial Cleft cyst

- lateral neck mass

2

What is thyroglossal duct cyst

midline neck mass that enlarges with upper respiratory tract infection. it elevates with swallowing and tongue protrusion

3

What is Xerostomia

It is dry mouth. sjogre syndrome (Autoimmune disease)

4

What are the medication for Xerostomia

anticholinergics and antihistamine.

5

What are the complications of Xerostomia

Complications- dental caries, candidiasis, difficulty swallowing and speaking

6

What is sialadentitis

Inflammation of salivary glands, Viral MCC ( mumps) outflow obstruction

7

What are the risk factors for sialadentitis

risk factors - sjogre syndrome, HIV, anorexia/bulimia, sialolithiasis ( salivary gland stone) Clinical (acute onset pain and edema of parotid or submandibular glands, fever, leukocytosis

8

What is sialolithiasis

Salivary gland stone that is most common in submandibular gland

9

What are the causes of sialolithiasis

due to duct stenosis through dehydration, diabetes, hypercalcemia.

10

What ae the manifestations of sialolithiasis

the clinical is pain and tenderness, intermittent swelling related to meals, digital palpation and reveal pre scene of calculus.
Salivary gland neoplasms