Head and Neck Disease - Dizzness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Head and Neck Disease - Dizzness Deck (10):
1

What is BPPV

Acute attach of transient vertigo. lasting second to minutes and is affected by head positon

2

What Causes BPPV

. caused by migration of free floating otoliths within the endolymph of the semicircular cancel, sense gravity and movement.

3

How do you diagnose

history and dix-hallpike maneuver.

4

What is labyrinthitis

acute infection of the inner ear. last for days due to complication of AOM, meningitis,

5

What are the manifestations of labrinthytis

clinical - vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, vomiting and no fever or pain

6

What Vestibular neuronitis

Lasts for days to weeks

7

What are the manifestation of vestibular neuronitis

severe vertigo with nausea, vomiting, no tinnitus

8

What is Meniere's Disease

Also called Endolymphatic Hydrops. Minutes to hours.

9

What are the manifestations of Meniere's Disease

Clinical – tinnitus, vertigo, hearing loss, drop attacks (sudden fall without warning)

10

What is acoustic Neuroma

Also called Schwannoma. CN VIII.MC tumor at cerebropontine angle (CPA). If bilateral, associated with Neurofibromatosis Type 2.