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Flashcards in Pancreas Deck (12):
1

What are the congenital abnormalities of the pancreas

Pancreas Divisum
Annular Pancreas

2

What is pancreas Divisum

it is when the ducts of the pancreas aren't completely formed and it increase the susceptibility to pancreatitis

3

What is Annular Pancreas

it is when the pancreas makes a ring around duodenum and leads to obstruction

4

What are the signs of annular pancreas

abdominal pain
fullness
nausea vomiting
Gerd

5

What is acute pancreatitis

it is an inflamed pancreas due both release of enzymes that destroy the pancreatic tissue

6

What are the two ways that acute pancreatitis can happen

Duct obstruction
acinar cell injury

7

What are the ways of duct obstruction

Head of pancreas cancer
Gallstones
Parasites
Pancreatic divisum

8

What are the ways of acinar cell injury

alcohol
drugs
trauma
viruses
hypercalcemia
ischemia

9

What are the Causes of pancreatitis

I - idiopathic
G- Gallstones
E- Ethanol
T- Tumors
S- Scorpion Sting
M- Mumps
A- autoimmune
S- surgery/trauma
H- Hyperglycemia
E- emboli
D- drugs

10

What are the signs or manifestations of acute pancreatitis

Fever
Nausea/ vomiting
Mid- epigastric
Radiation to the back

11

What are the signs of acute pancreatitis

cullen
Gray turners

12

What are the complication of acute pancreatitis

Hypovolemia
Hypoxemia
Hypocalcemia
DIC - clotting in the body due to the trypsin activating prothrombin