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Flashcards in CONJUNCTIONS - Greek Deck (10):
1

ἵνα

THAT - SO THAT - IN ORDER THAT
In order that,
So that.

He did this so that will follow.

He gave him bread in order that he will not go hungry.

2

καὶ

AND

In addition to but of the same class or type.

1 : and others or more of the same or similar kind
2 : further in the same or similar manner
3 : and the rest
4 : and other things

and
even, also
both ... and ...
(when used in the construction καί ... καί ...)

From earlier *kahi ← *kasi (still seen in κασίγνητος (kasígnētos, “brother”)) ← *kati, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥t-, from *ḱóm (“with”). Compare Hittite [script needed] (kat-ti, “along with”).


From Proto-Indo-European *kʷokʷe, from *kʷos + *-kʷe, equivalent to πο- (po-) + τε (te). See its indefinite form ποτέ (poté).

Proto-Indo-European/kʷís
*kʷís
who, what (interrogative)
who, which, that (relative)
Proto-Indo-European/kʷos
*kʷos
which, what

3

ἀλλ

ἀλλά

BUT
except

4

δὲ

δ'

HOWEVER

on the other hand

moreover

indeed now . . . , on top of this . . . , next . . .

Short Definition: but, on the other hand, and
Definition: a weak adversative particle, generally placed second in its clause; but, on the other hand, and.

1161 dé (a conjunction) – moreover, indeed now . . . , on top of this . . . , next . . .

universally, by way of opposition and distinction; it is added to statements opposed to a preceding statement.

it opposes persons to persons or things previously mentioned or thought of...

it serves to mark a transition to something new (δέ metabatic); by this use of the particle, the new addition is distinguished from and, as it were, opposed to what goes before.

it introduces explanations and separates them from the things to be explained.

it is joined to terms which are repeated with a certain emphasis, and with such additions as tend to explain and establish them more exactly; in this use of the particle we may supply a suppressed negative clause and give its force in English by inserting I say, and that, so then, etc.

it introduces the apodosis and, as it were, opposes it to the protasis.

δέ never stands as the first word in the sentence, but generally second; and when the words to which it is added cannot be separated, it stands third.

yea even if...

5

οὐδὲ

οὐδ

NOR

neither, nor, not even, and not.

moreover not, neither indeed, not even, nor even.

6

ὅτι

BECAUSE - SINCE THAT

that, since, because, for

Not to be confused with ὅτε = when

Original Word: ὅτι
Part of Speech: Conjunction
Transliteration: hoti
Phonetic Spelling: (hot'-ee)
Short Definition: that, since, because
Definition: that, since, because; may introduce direct discourse.

the substance or contents (of a statement), that.

7

ὅτου

UNTIL - WHILE

AT THE SAME TIME AS...

UP UNTIL THAT TIME...

DURING THE SAME TIME...

When, which, while, until

Original Word: ὅτου
Part of Speech: Relative Pronoun
Transliteration: hotou
Phonetic Spelling: (hot'-oo)
Short Definition: until
Definition: until.

For the genitive case of hostis (as adverb); during which same time, i.e. Whilst -- whiles.

8

τε

AS WELL AS...

BOTH AND - AND BOTH

(after each item in a list) and

τε is usually considered to denote a weaker connection than καί (kaí). As an enclitic, it is placed after the word that it connects, or after the first word of a phrase that it connects.

Original Word: τέ
Part of Speech: Particle, Disjunctive Particle
Transliteration: te
Phonetic Spelling: (teh)
Short Definition: and, both
Definition: and, both.
HELPS Word-studies
5037 té (a conjunction) – "and both" ("both and"). 5037 /té ("and both") occurs 204 times in the NT and unfortunately is often not translated.

[When translated, 5037 (té) is usually rendered "and," "both and," or "and both."]

τέ ... καί, and τέ καί, not only ... but also, as well ... as, both ... and; t

9

γάρ

FOR - INDEED - TRULY

truly therefore, verily as the case stands.

for, the fact is, namely...

what then?

Original Word: γάρ
Part of Speech: Conjunction
Transliteration: gar
Phonetic Spelling: (gar)
Short Definition: for
Definition: for.

1063 gár (a conjunction) – for. While "for" is usually the best translation of 1063 (gár), its sense is shaped by the preceding statement – the "A" statement which precedes the 1063 (gár) statement in the "A-B" unit.

used to express cause, explanation, inference or continuation.


10

οὖν

THEN - THEREFORE - SO

Original Word: οὖν
Part of Speech: Conjunction
Transliteration: oun
Phonetic Spelling: (oon)
Short Definition: therefore, then
Definition: therefore, then.
HELPS Word-studies
3767 oún (a conjunction) – therefore, now then, accordingly so. 3767 (oún) occurs 526 times in the NT and is typically translated "therefore" which means, "By extension, here's how the dots connect."