Contemporary Classifiaciton Flashcards Preview

Spinal > Contemporary Classifiaciton > Flashcards

Flashcards in Contemporary Classifiaciton Deck (21):
1

What term is now used to ID the synarthrosis joint type?

Fibrous joint

2

What is the name given to a condition in which bones are fused together by bone?

Synostosis

3

What fibrous connective tissue classically fills the joint space of a syndesmosis?

A ligament

4

Which cartilage joint forms between ossification centers within a cartilage template?

(Amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

5

Which classification of cartilage is primary, temporary and composed of hyaline cartilage?

(Amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

6

What are the characteristics of the (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis?

They are primary cartilage joints, temporary in longevity, composed of hyaline cartilage and form between ossification centers within a cartilage template.

7

What are the four consistent features of synovial joints?

Articular or fibrous capsule, synovial membrane, articular cartilage and synovial fluid

8

What movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?

Translational movement, a plane or gliding movement

9

What are examples of synovial place (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?

Most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

10

Diarthrosis Trochiod joints are commonly called _____ joints based on action.

Synovial pivot.

11

What are the examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis Trochiod) joints?

Median atlanto-axial joint

12

What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis Trochiod joints?

An osseous pivot point and on osteo-ligamentous ring

13

What is a common name for the diarthrosis Sellar joint?

Synovial saddle joint

14

What example of synovial saddle (diarthrosis Sellar) joint is ID along the spine?

The joint of Luschka of typical cervicals is a modified Sellar joint

15

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side of the joint and a concave surface on the other side?

Diarthrosis condylar

16

What example of the diarthrosis condylar joint is ID along the spine?

The atlanto-occipital joint may be classified as a diarthrosis condylar joint

17

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side and an elliptical, concave on the other?

Diarthrosis ellipsoidal

18

What is an example of the diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint?

The atlanto-occipital joint of the spine

19

Which synovial joint classifications are now often interchanged in textbooks?

Ellipsoidal and condylar synovial joints

20

Which classification of cartilage joint is secondary, permanent, and composed of fibrous cartilage (Fibrocartilage)?

(Amphiarthrosis) symphysis

21

What are the classifications of synovial joints (diarthroses) based on?

1) the number of articulating surfaces
2) the degree/s of freedom and/or types of movement
3) the morphological appearance of the bony surfaces or the shape of the joint cavity