Flashcards in Bone Classification Deck (15):
What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal sinus/pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones
What are the classifications given to abnormal bones?
Heterotopic and accessory bone
What is the name of bone formed in non-bone location?
What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?
What is the primary characteristic of short bone?
They are essentially cuboidal
What are examples of short bone?
Most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus
What are examples of flat bone?
The parietal bone and sternum
What is the characterization of irregular bone?
Numerous projections or irregular outlines
What is characteristic of pneumatic bones?
Air spaces within the bone
What are examples of pneumatic bone?
Frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid and temporal
What bones contain paranasal sinuses?
Frontal, ethmoid, maxilla and sphenoid
What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone?
The bone develops in a tendon
What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?
Patella and pisiform
What are examples of heterotopic bone?
Calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart and ligaments.