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Flashcards in Bone Classification Deck (15):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal sinus/pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bones?

Heterotopic and accessory bone

3

What is the name of bone formed in non-bone location?

Heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

Accessory bone

5

What is the primary characteristic of short bone?

They are essentially cuboidal

6

What are examples of short bone?

Most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

7

What are examples of flat bone?

The parietal bone and sternum

8

What is the characterization of irregular bone?

Numerous projections or irregular outlines

9

What is characteristic of pneumatic bones?

Air spaces within the bone

10

What are examples of pneumatic bone?

Frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid and temporal

11

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

Frontal, ethmoid, maxilla and sphenoid

12

What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone?

The bone develops in a tendon

13

What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?

Patella and pisiform

14

What are examples of heterotopic bone?

Calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart and ligaments.

15

What are examples of accessory bone?

Para-articular processes and bony Spurs of vertebrae