Typical Thoracic Vertebrae T2-T8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Typical Thoracic Vertebrae T2-T8 Deck (48):
1

Which thoracic segments are considered the typical thoracics?

T2-T8 segments

2

Which thoracic segments are considered the atypical thoracics?

T1, T9-T12

3

What features will allow discrimination between T2-T4 and T5-T8 segmental groups?

The vertebral body, transverse process, articular process and spinous process

4

What is the name given to the left side appearance of the vertebral body of T5-T8?

The aortic impression

5

What is the height pattern of the typical thoracic vertebral body?

The posterior height is greater than the anterior height by 1-2 mm

6

What is the principal cause of the posterior curve of the thoracic spine?

The vertebral body height differences

7

In terms of the anterior-posterior curves of the vertebral column, what direction will the thoracic spine face?

Posterior

8

What is another any of naming a posterior curve pattern?

A kyphotic curve

9

What joints are IDed at the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

Vertebral body to anterior longitudinal ligament at the epiphyseal rims, vertebral body to posterior longitudinal ligament at the epiphyseal rims, vertebral body to caitulum of a rib (costocentral joint)

10

What joint classifications are IDed at the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis and synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

11

How many synovial joints are formed at he vertebral Boyd of a typical thoracic?

4

12

How many symphysis joints are formed with the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

2

13

How many joints are formed at the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

Typically ten (14 if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

14

What is the relationship between the vertebral body surface and the rib head surface in the costocentral joint of a typical thoracic?

The superior costal Demi-facet of the vertebral body will joint with the inferior articular surface of the heard of the rib
The inferior costal Demi-facet of the vertebral body will joint with the superior articular surface of the the head of the rib

15

Which of the Demi-facets on the vertebral body of a typical thoracic is larger?

The superior costal Demi-facet

16

What feature will provide assistance in maintaining the stability of the intervertebral Foramen in the typical thoracics?

The costocentral joint or ribs

17

What is the rib-vertebral body domination at the intervertebral Foramen of the ____ nerve? Let's use the T6 nerve.

The inferior costal Demi-facet of T6 will joint with the superior articular surface of the heard of the seventh rib
The superior costal Demi-facet of T7 will joint with the inferior articular surface of the head of the 7th rib.

18

What ligaments support the costocentral joint?

The costocentral stellate/radiate ligament and the costocentral interarticular or intra-articular ligament

19

What does the costocentral intra-articular of interarticular ligament connect to?

The interarticular or intra-articular crest of the head of the rib and the intervertebral disc

20

What is the size relationship between the articulating surface of the head of the rib and the costal Demi-facet surface?

The rib surface is greater than the costal Demi-facet surface

21

Which muscle(s) is attached to the vertebral body of T2 or T3?

The Longus colli

22

What is the angulation of the pedicle in the typical thoracic region?

10-15 degrees posterolateral form the Sagittal plane

23

Which X-Ray view is used to see into the intervertebral Foramen of a typical thoracic?

The lateral view

24

What is overlap of the lamina called in the typical thoracic region?

Shingling

25

What is the outline of the vertebral Foramen in the typical thoracic region?

Oval to circular i

26

In which plane will the size of the vertebral Foramen of a typical thoracic be greatest?

The transverse plane, the vertebral transverse diameter

27

What ligaments support the costotransverse joint of a typical thoracic?

The superior costotransverse, inferior costotransverse, and lateral costotransverse ligaments

28

The superior costotransverse ligament of the TVP of T5 will attach to rib __?

5

29

The inferior costotransverse ligament of the TVP of T5 will attach to rib ___?

5

30

The lateral costotransverse ligament of the TVP of T5 will attach to rib __?

5

31

Which muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical thoracic?

Longissimus thoracis, longissimus cervicis, longissimus capitis, semispinalis thoracis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, multifidis, rotator Longus, rotator brevis, intertransversarii, levator costarum Longus and levator costarum brevis.

32

How do the transverse diameters of the articular processes compare in the T2-T4 region?

The superior articular process transverse diameter is greater than the inferior articular process transverse diameter for a given segment.

33

How do the transverse diameters of the articular processes compare in the T5-T8 region?

The superior articular process transverse diameter is the same as or equal to the inferior articular process transverse diameter for a given segment

34

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

They face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

35

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

They face forward, downward, and medial (ForMeD)

36

How many synovial joints are present at a typical thoracic?

10

37

How many synovial joint surfaces for ribs are present on a typical thoracic?

6

38

ID the synovial joint surfaces for ribs that are present on a typical thoracic.

2 superior costal Demi-facets, 2 inferior costal Demi-facets, 2 transverse costal facets

39

What name is given to the region between the superior and inferior articular processes in the typical thoracics?

The pars interarticularis

40

What is the orientation of the spinous process of a typical thoracic?

They slant backward and downward

41

What is the name given to the overlap of spinous processes in the thoracic region?

Imbrication

42

Imbrication will be more pronounced for what region of the thoracics>

T5-T8

43

Which thoracic has the longest spinous process?

T8

44

Which muscles may attach to the spinous process of a typical thoracic?

Traps, latissimus Dorsi, rhomboid major, Serratus posterior superior, splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, spinalis thoracis, spinalis cervicis, spinalis capitis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator Longus, rotator brevis and interspinalis.

45

Which muscles attaching to the spinous process of a typical thoracic are not include in any muscle layer off the true back?

Splenius cervicis, splenius capitis and interspinalis

46

What joint classifications are present at every typical thoracic vertebra?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis and synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

47

What is the outline of the vertebral odd of a typical thoracic form superior view?

Triangular

48

What art of the vertebral boy is most influenced by the aorta at T5-T8?

The left side superior and inferior epiphyseal rims