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Flashcards in Intervertebral Foramen Deck (27):
1

What percent of total vertebral column length does "true" intervertebral foramina height form C2-S1 equal?

40%

2

What are the generic contents of the intervertebral Foramen?

Neural tissue, connective tissue, vascular tissue, lymphatic tissue

3

What is the name of the largest medullary feeder artery?

The artery of Adamkiewicz or the arteria radicalis manga anterior

4

What are the characteristics of the artery of Adamkiewicz?

It is a left side, anterior medullary feeder artery, located in the T9/T10 intervertebral Foramen, and the primary vascular supply to the lumbar enlargement

5

What is the most likely region of the thoracic spine for herniation?

Below T8

6

What ligaments lies next to the anterior internal vertebral venous plexus?

The posterior longitudinal ligament

7

What venous plexus lies next to the posterior longitudinal ligament?

The anterior internal vertebral venous plexus

8

What venous plexus lies next to the ligamentum flavum?

The posterior internal vertebral venous plexus

9

What will the intervertebral veins drain into?

The external vertebral venous plexus or Batson's plexus

10

What is a unique histological feature of the veins of the vertebral column?

They appear to lack veins

11

What size lymphatic vessels lie in the intervertebral Foramen?

Medium sized lymphatics

12

What is the relationship between aging and cervical spine nerve root characteristics?

The length of the nerve root increases as it descends for its apparent origin on the spinal cord, but the cross-sectional area of the nerve root decrease

13

What are the specific attachment sites for a vertical spinal nerve?

The sulcus for the ventral primary ramus on the costotransverse bar and the vertebral artery

14

What contributes to the anterior boundary of the thoracic intervertebral Foramen?

The costocentral joint

15

What increases the length of the intervertebral Foramen at L5?

The lumbosacral tunnel

16

What forms the lumbosacral tunnel?

The lumbosacral ligament, transverse process of L5 and sacral ala

17

What condition is the result of encroachment of the L5 spinal nerve?

The far out syndrome

18

What is unique about the relationship of spinal nerve to intervertebral Foramen at S5-Co1?

There are two nerves present, S5 nerve and Co1 nerve

19

What are some examples of destructive lesions of the vertebral body?

Tuberculosis, hemangiomas, osteoporosis

20

What are examples of acquired alterations of the spinal curves IDed in class?

Obesity, pregnancy and the use of heavy backpacks

21

What is the recommended weight is a backpack compared to individual with for the developing spine?

Backpack weight should not exceed 10% individual body weight

22

What are medullary feeder arteries?

Enlarged radicular arteries which join the arterial vasa corona to provide blood for the spinal cord

23

Which condition is the result of encroachment on the L5 spinal nerve?

The far out syndrome

24

What is the relationship between intervertebral disc herniation and lumbar spinal nerves?

The intervertebral disc above. The intervertebral Foramen is usually the source of damage

25

What is unusual about the sacral intervertebral Foramen compared to others?

A completely osseous boundary exits

26

What may reduce the impact of IVD loss of integrity intervertebral Foramen in the cervical and thoracic spine?

The joint of Luschka in the cervicals, the costocentral joint in the thoracics

27

What are the examples of osteophyte formation that influence the intervertebral Foramen?

The bony Spurs of the vertebral body and para-articular processes on the lamina