CP2 ch 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CP2 ch 11 Deck (47):
1

pharmacology

study of drugs

2

drug

used for the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease

3

administered

given to pt at the office

4

prescribes

handwritten prescription for a drug to be filled at a pharmacy

5

dispensed

given to pt at office to take home

6

route of administration

type of drug being given, dosage, intended action, rapidity of response desired

7

parenteral

other than the GI tract (injection)

8

FDA

determines whether new drugs are safe before they are released for human use

9

generic name

assigned by the pharmaceutical manufacturer who develops the drug

10

emulsion

mixture of fats or oils in water

11

liniment

drug combined with oil, soap

12

spirit

combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile

13

tincture

dissolved in a solution of alcohol

14

lozenge

design to dissolve on the tongue

15

suppositiory

designed to melt at body temperature

16

metric

most common

17

household

least accurate
liquid medication

18

apothecary

older and less accurate

19

pound

12 ounces

20

controlled drugs

potential for abuse

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what is required for controlled drugs?

DEA number

22

prescription

dispensing of a drug by a pharmacist

23

parts of prescriptions

date
phsicnas info
pt name address
patients age
superscription
inscription
subscription
signatura
refill
physicians signature
dea number

24

superscription

Rx

25

inscription

name of the drug and the dose

26

subscription

directions to the pharmacist

27

signatura

information to be included on the medication label

28

formulary

list of drugs covered by the pts insurance plan

29

length of needles

3/8 to 3 inches

30

is IM or SC needle longer?

IM since it has to get to the muscle tissue

31

gauge for needles

18-27

32

sub q injection

fat tissue under the skin

33

sites for sub q

back of the arms, back, stomach, anterior thigh

34

sub q needle lengths

1/2 - 5/8

35

sub q gauge

23-25

36

common sub q

epi
insulin
allergy

37

how long does a pt need to wait after sub q?

15-20 minutes

38

IM absorption

is better than sub q

39

IM length

1-3

40

where does tb affect?

the lungs

41

mantoux tb

more specific and accurate

42

before allergy test

avoid antihistamines for 3 days before

43

redness on allergy test

should be ignored

44

in vitro allergy

measures the amount of IgE antibodies in the blood that respond to common allergens

45

IV therapy

liquid put into pts vein

46

transfusion

whole blood/blood products

47

infusion

administration of fluids, meds, into a vein