Pharm 4.5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharm 4.5 Deck (53):
1

pyrosis

heartburn

2

dyspepsia

acid indigestion

3

antacids

neutralizing gastric hydrochloric acid
relieve indigestion

4

calcium carbonate

Tums

5

antacid administration

frequently since they have a short duration

6

most common used antacids

magnesium or aluminum

7

antacids side effects

constipation
diarrhea

8

H2 blockers

reduce gastric acid secretion
GERD

9

what are h2 blockers used for?

short term for acid indigestion and heartburn

10

h2 blockers side effects

diarrhea
mental confusion

11

proton pump inhibitors

GERD
prevent ulcers

12

omeprazole

gastric antisecretory agent

13

proton pump inhibitors side effects

diarrhea
increased risk for pneumonia

14

misoprostol (cytotec)

synthetic form of prostaglandin E1

15

what does misoprostol do?

inhibits gastric acid secretion and protects the mucosa from irritant effect of certain drugs

16

misoprostol side effects

diarrhea
spontaneous abortion

17

sucralfate (carafate)

inhibitor of pepsin

18

sucralfate (carafate)

forms a paste that protects the ulcer from irritation

19

when should sucralfate be taken?

on an empty stomach

20

helicobacter pylori

bacterial infections

21

dicyclomine (bentyl)

treatment for IBS

22

dicyclomine side effects

dry mouth
constipation

23

inflammatory bowel disease

chronic condition that causes inflamm. in the GI tract lining

24

types of IBD

crohns disease
ulcerative colitis

25

salicylates

manage crohns disease and ulcerative colitis

26

salicylates side effects

anorexia
ab pain

27

opiate agonists

slow intestinal motility, allowing for more reabsorption of fluid

28

probiotics

alter a patients intestinal flora

29

lactobacillus acidophilus

treatment for diarrhea

30

lactobacillus

reestablish normal intestinal flora

31

saccharomyces boulardii

yeast used in diary fermentation

32

most common cause of diarrhea

clostridium difficule

33

symptoms of clostridium difficule

watery diarrhea

34

antiflatulents

symptomatic treatment of gastric bloating and gas pains

35

laxatives

promote evacuation of the intestine and are used to treat constipation

36

bulk forming laxatives

soften the stool

37

stool softeners

moisten stoool through a detergent action

38

emollients

promote stool movement by softening and coating the stool

39

emollients side effects

seepage of oil from rectum
malabsorption of vitamins ADEK

40

saline laxatives

promote secretion of water

41

when should saline laxatives be taken?

infrequently in single doses

42

stimulant laxatives

cathartic in action
may produce ab discomfort

43

osmotic laxatives

draws water from the tissues into the feces and stimulates evacuation

44

chloride channel activator

treatment of constipation

45

chloride channel activators side effects

nausea
diarrhea

46

antiemetics

prevention of nausea, vomiting

47

dramamine

treatment of motion sickness

48

antivert

prevention of nausea, vomiting, vertigo

49

antidopaminergics

blocks messages to the GI tract

50

serotonin receptor

emesis located in the gut

51

zofran/anzemet

post op n/v and chemo n/v

52

serotonin receptors side effects

confusion
sedation

53

PPI risk

fractures