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Flashcards in Pharm 4.5 Deck (53)
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1

pyrosis

heartburn

2

dyspepsia

acid indigestion

3

antacids

neutralizing gastric hydrochloric acid
relieve indigestion

4

calcium carbonate

Tums

5

antacid administration

frequently since they have a short duration

6

most common used antacids

magnesium or aluminum

7

antacids side effects

constipation
diarrhea

8

H2 blockers

reduce gastric acid secretion
GERD

9

what are h2 blockers used for?

short term for acid indigestion and heartburn

10

h2 blockers side effects

diarrhea
mental confusion

11

proton pump inhibitors

GERD
prevent ulcers

12

omeprazole

gastric antisecretory agent

13

proton pump inhibitors side effects

diarrhea
increased risk for pneumonia

14

misoprostol (cytotec)

synthetic form of prostaglandin E1

15

what does misoprostol do?

inhibits gastric acid secretion and protects the mucosa from irritant effect of certain drugs

16

misoprostol side effects

diarrhea
spontaneous abortion

17

sucralfate (carafate)

inhibitor of pepsin

18

sucralfate (carafate)

forms a paste that protects the ulcer from irritation

19

when should sucralfate be taken?

on an empty stomach

20

helicobacter pylori

bacterial infections

21

dicyclomine (bentyl)

treatment for IBS

22

dicyclomine side effects

dry mouth
constipation

23

inflammatory bowel disease

chronic condition that causes inflamm. in the GI tract lining

24

types of IBD

crohns disease
ulcerative colitis

25

salicylates

manage crohns disease and ulcerative colitis

26

salicylates side effects

anorexia
ab pain

27

opiate agonists

slow intestinal motility, allowing for more reabsorption of fluid

28

probiotics

alter a patients intestinal flora

29

lactobacillus acidophilus

treatment for diarrhea

30

lactobacillus

reestablish normal intestinal flora