LP2 4 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 > LP2 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in LP2 4 Deck (37):
1

electrolyte panel

chloride
potassium
sodium
carbon dioxide

2

is fasting required for electrolytes?

no

3

lipid panel

cholesterol

4

HDL

good

5

fasting for lipid

12-14 hours
can have water

6

cardiac panel

CK
trop

7

renal (kidney)

BUN
creatinine

8

hepatic (liver)

ALT
AST
bilirubin
albumin

9

metabolic

albumin

10

what 2 tests require fasting?

glucose and lipid

11

accuracy

how close it is to the mean

12

precision

is it repeatable? do you get the same results over and over again?

13

westgard rules

whether or not your quality control is in or out

14

CLIA

do QC every day

15

hb a1c or glycated hgb

monitor a pts glucose control over a 2-3 month period

16

trans fat

another name for man made hydrogenated fats

17

glucose tolerance test

test to diagnose diabetes mellitus

18

glycogen

extra glucose is stored in the muscle in this form

19

endogenous cholesterol

cholesterol manufactured in the liver

20

exogenous cholesterol

cholesterol derived from the diet

21

catalysts

produce specific changes in other things without being changed themselves

22

hyperinsulinemia

excessively high blood insulin levels

23

glycosylated Gbg

becomes permanently bound to glucose

24

hyperlipidemia

excessive fat in blood

25

insulin

lowers blood glucose level

26

glucagon

raise blood glucose levels

27

trans fats

synthetic hydrogenated fats

28

ions

electrolytes -/+

29

glycosuria

sugar in the urine

30

atherosclerosis

formation of plaque on the walls

31

panels

groups of tests

32

dyslipidemia

abnormal amounts of fats in the blood

33

carbohydrates

sugars and starches

34

definitive diagnosis

final diagnosis

35

hyperglycemia

elevated blood sugar levels

36

clinical diagnosis

based on pts initial signs and symptoms

37

ketacidosis

accumulation of ketones in the body