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Flashcards in pharm 6.5 Deck (76):
1

psychtropic

acts on the mind
mental processes, emotions, behavior
THERAPEUTIC

2

CNS stimulants

promote CNS functions

3

caffeine

fight fatigue and drowsiness

4

prolonged caffeine

tolerance, habituation, psychological dependence

5

amphetamine/methylphenidate preparations

first line therapy for ADHD and narcolepsy

6

amphetamine/methylphenidate preparations example

adderall

7

wakefulness-promoting agents example

provigil

8

wakefulness-promoting agents

treat narcolepsy, sleep apnea, shift work sleep disorder

9

atomoxetine (strattera)

first nonstimulant drug approved for ADHD

10

atomoxetine (strattera) SE

suicidal tendencies

11

major depressive disorder

low mood with low self esteem and loss of interest or pleasure ALL EMCOMPASSING

12

antidepressants

mood elevators
treat depression

13

tricyclics

block norepinephrine and serotonin

14

tricyclics SE

drowsiness
confusion

15

MAOI's

increase serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine

16

MAOI's example

nardil

17

MAOI's SE

hypertensive crisis (fatal)

18

SSRI's

first line for depression
fewer side effects
block reabsorption of serotonin

19

SSRI's example

Prozac

20

SNRI's example

cymbalta

21

SNRI's

inhibit serotonin and norepinephrine
chronic pain

22

heterocyclic antidepressants example

Wellbutrin

23

heterocyclic antidepressants

severe depression

24

bipolar disorder

severe fluctuations in mood extremes

25

cause of bipolar disordder

imbalance in brain chemicals

26

lithium

treatment of mania (bipolar)

27

anxiolytics

anxiety MINOR

28

benzodiazepines

short term for anxiety
make you sleepy

29

benzodiazepines examples

valium

30

benzodiazepines SE

ataxia
depression
NO GRAPEFRUIT JUICE

31

Versed

BDZ used for preop

32

BuSpar

general anxiety

33

hydroxyzine

pre post op antiemetic sedative

34

antipsychotic meds

relieve psychoses and N/V MAJOR

35

antipsychotic treatment

block dopamine receptors unbalanced

36

extrapyramidal SE

tardive dyskinesia

37

atypical antipsychotics

block serotonin and dopamine

38

drug addiction

tolerance
psychological dependence
physical dependence
withdrawal syndrome

39

chemical dependency

alcohol or drugs have taken control of individuals life NEED TO LIVE

40

alcohol

(ethanol) CNS depressant, psychotropic drug

41

nevia

try to work on craving

42

treatment of opiate addiction

fentanyl

43

illegal drug use

meth, ecstasy

44

marijuana

THC
CNS depressant

45

cocaine

CNS stimulant

46

hallucinogens

bizarre mental reactions and distortion

47

DXM

cough suppressant

48

rohypnol

for ethanol withdrawal "roofies" date rape drug

49

anticonvulsants

reduce number of seizures

50

epilepsy

recurrence of unprovoked seizures

51

generalized seizures

bilateral

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partial seizures

one cerebral hemisphere

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atypical seizure

insufficient date to classify

54

tonic clonic

stiffness
loss of consciousness

55

absence epilepsy

unconsiousness

56

febrile seizures

with fever most common in children

57

status epilepticus

true neurologic emergency

58

1st genration anticonvulsants

prophylactic
prevent seizures without oversedation

59

treatment for febrile seizures

antiepileptic drug therapy

60

treatment for absence seizures

zarontin

61

2nd generation anticonvulsants

neurontin

62

antiparkinsonian drugs

parkinsons disease

63

parkinsons disease

fine, slowly spreading muscle tremors, slowness of movement CHRONIC

64

carbidopa levodopa

increase therapeutic effect of dopamine in CNS

65

carbidopa levodopa SE

dyskinesias

66

MAO B

break down dopamine and tyramine
increase dopamine

67

anticholinergic agents

used for tremors

68

amantadine

antiparkinsonian agent

69

COMT

increase dopamine and levodopa

70

restless legs syndrome

distressing urge to move the legs

71

alzheimers disease

most common type of dementia
decline in cognitive function

72

cholinesterase inhibitors

delay of symptoms in alzheimers disease

73

cognex

first drug approved in alzheimers disease

74

cholinesterase inhibitors SE

hepatotoxicity

75

NMDA receptor antagonists example

namenda

76

NMDA

treatment of dementia of the alzheimers