Flashcards in CP2 chapter 7 Deck (63):
used to promote tissue healing for individuals who experience a disalitlity as a result of injury, diease, or loss of a body part
application of heat and cold
therapeutically to treat conditions such as infection and trauma
heating pad, chemical hot pack
hot soak, hot compress
ice bag, chemical cold pack
how long should heat and cold be applied for?
prolonged application of heat or cold
adverse secondary effects
factors affecting application of heat and cold
individual tolerance to change in temperature
local effects of heat
dilates the vessels = increased blood supply
reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin
effects of heat
purpose of applying heat
relieve pain, congestion, muscle spasms, and inflammation
when heat should be applied
back pain, arthritis, menstrual cramps, abscesses
discharge produced by the body's tissues
process of pus formation
when is heat not recommended?
initial treatment of acute inflammation or trauma
don'ts for heating
never lay on it
don't increase heat over time
use protective covering
don't bend or crush heating pad
don't put pins through the heating pad
don't use heating pad over moist areas
what types of ice should you use?
small pieces so they can mold to the affected area
where should you store cold packs?
room temp and discard after use
direct immersion of a body part in water or a medicated solution
local effects of cold
constricts blood vessels
purpose of applying cold
cold should be applied immediately after
direct trauma (bruise, minor burn, sprain, strain, joint injury fracture)
how does cold relieve pain?
temporarily through its anesthetic or numbing effect
when are casts most often used?
healing time with casts
used to support and stalbize weak or dislocated joints, to promote healing after a surgical correction
physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system
when the cast presses or rubs against the pts skin and prevents adequate circulation to the area
where do most pressure areas occur?
easily molded to allow for swelling
knitted fabric tape
most common synthetic cast
dry and set more quickly
can't be molded as easily
provide patient comfort and to cover the rough edges at the ends of the cast
prevent pressure areas and to shield the pts skin when the cast is removed
softening and breaking down of the skin, which can lead to infection
symptoms to report
increase in pain
used to support and immobilize a displaced or fractured part of the body
when are splints most used?
protect areas that are sprained or strained
support a part of the body and hold it in its correct position
short leg walker
leg brace (for fractures)
able to walk as opposed to being confined to a wheelchair or a bed
remove weight from legs and transfer to the arms
most frequently used
pt can release the handgrip, enabling use of the hands
(paraplegic or cerebral palsy
axillary crutch measurement
2 fingers from axilla
muscular weakness in the forearm, wrist, and hand
four point gait
two point gait
three point gait
swing to gait and swing through gait
used to help provide balance and support to those with hemiparesis, joint disabilities, defects of the neuromuscular system
what side do you hold the cane on?
the good side
angle for elbow with cane
what foot do you move first with a cane?
pts with weakness and balance problems or during the healing process of knee or hip joint replacement surgery