CP2 chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 > CP2 chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in CP2 chapter 7 Deck (63)
Loading flashcards...
1

physical agents

used to promote tissue healing for individuals who experience a disalitlity as a result of injury, diease, or loss of a body part

2

application of heat and cold

therapeutically to treat conditions such as infection and trauma

3

dry heat

heating pad, chemical hot pack

4

moist heat

hot soak, hot compress

5

dry cold

ice bag, chemical cold pack

6

moist cold

cold compress

7

how long should heat and cold be applied for?

15-30 minutes

8

prolonged application of heat or cold

adverse secondary effects

9

factors affecting application of heat and cold

age
location
impaired circulation
impaired sensation
individual tolerance to change in temperature

10

local effects of heat

dilates the vessels = increased blood supply

11

erythema

reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin

12

effects of heat

promote healing

13

purpose of applying heat

relieve pain, congestion, muscle spasms, and inflammation

14

when heat should be applied

back pain, arthritis, menstrual cramps, abscesses

15

edema (heat)

swelling

16

exudate (heat)

discharge produced by the body's tissues

17

suppuration (heat)

process of pus formation

18

when is heat not recommended?

initial treatment of acute inflammation or trauma

19

don'ts for heating

never lay on it
don't increase heat over time
use protective covering
don't bend or crush heating pad
don't put pins through the heating pad
don't use heating pad over moist areas

20

what types of ice should you use?

small pieces so they can mold to the affected area

21

where should you store cold packs?

room temp and discard after use

22

soak

direct immersion of a body part in water or a medicated solution

23

local effects of cold

constricts blood vessels

24

purpose of applying cold

prevent edema

25

cold should be applied immediately after

direct trauma (bruise, minor burn, sprain, strain, joint injury fracture)

26

how does cold relieve pain?

temporarily through its anesthetic or numbing effect

27

when are casts most often used?

fracture

28

healing time with casts

4-6 weeks

29

casts

used to support and stalbize weak or dislocated joints, to promote healing after a surgical correction

30

orthopedist

physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system