Flashcards in CP2 chapter 7 Deck (63)
used to promote tissue healing for individuals who experience a disalitlity as a result of injury, diease, or loss of a body part
application of heat and cold
therapeutically to treat conditions such as infection and trauma
heating pad, chemical hot pack
hot soak, hot compress
ice bag, chemical cold pack
how long should heat and cold be applied for?
prolonged application of heat or cold
adverse secondary effects
factors affecting application of heat and cold
individual tolerance to change in temperature
local effects of heat
dilates the vessels = increased blood supply
reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin
effects of heat
purpose of applying heat
relieve pain, congestion, muscle spasms, and inflammation
when heat should be applied
back pain, arthritis, menstrual cramps, abscesses
discharge produced by the body's tissues
process of pus formation
when is heat not recommended?
initial treatment of acute inflammation or trauma
don'ts for heating
never lay on it
don't increase heat over time
use protective covering
don't bend or crush heating pad
don't put pins through the heating pad
don't use heating pad over moist areas
what types of ice should you use?
small pieces so they can mold to the affected area
where should you store cold packs?
room temp and discard after use
direct immersion of a body part in water or a medicated solution
local effects of cold
constricts blood vessels
purpose of applying cold
cold should be applied immediately after
direct trauma (bruise, minor burn, sprain, strain, joint injury fracture)
how does cold relieve pain?
temporarily through its anesthetic or numbing effect
when are casts most often used?
healing time with casts
used to support and stalbize weak or dislocated joints, to promote healing after a surgical correction