pharm 8.5 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 > pharm 8.5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in pharm 8.5 Deck (37):
1

oxygen treatment

decreases the workload of the heart and respiratory system

2

bronchitis

inflammation of bronchial tubes

3

emphysema

destruction of the tiny air sacs at the base of the lungs

4

caffeine citrate

treatment of neonatal apnea of prematurity

5

theophylline

stimulate respiration in infants

6

bronchodilators

relaxing smooth muscles of the bronchial tree

7

bronchodilator administration

inhalation route is preferred

8

sympathomimetics

work on the smooth muscle in the lungs to cause relaxation

9

sympathomimetics example

albuterol

10

anticholinergics example

atrovent

11

anticholinergics

decreasing the chemical that promotes bronchospasms

12

xanthines

relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchial airways and pulmonary blood vessels

13

xanthines example

theophylline

14

synthetic cortiocoseroids

for short term bursts

15

inhaled corticosteroids

long term

16

intranasal cortiocosteroids

first line therapy for most noninfectious types of rhinitis and reduce congestion

17

what should you take first?

bronchodilators

18

leukotriene inhibitors example

singulair

19

leukotriene inhibitors

exercise induced bronchoconstriction and chronic asthma
taken every day to reduce edema

20

mast cell stabilizers example

cromolyn

21

mucolytics example

acetylcysteine

22

mucolytics

liquefy pulmonary secretions

23

expectorants example

guaifenesin

24

expectorants

increase secretions, reduce viscosity, help to expel sputum

25

antitussives

prevent coughing by acting centrally on the cough center

26

narcotic antitussive example

codeine

27

nonnarcotic antitussive example

dextromethorphan

28

antihistamines

antagonize the histamine1 receptor sites to treat allergy symptoms

29

2nd generation antihistamine

doesn't make you so sleepy

30

first generation antihistamine

benadryl

31

2nd generation antihistamine

allergra

32

decongestants

constrict blood vessels in the respiratory tract, and help to open nasal airway passages

33

decongestants example

phenylephrine

34

nicotine replacement therapy

help lessen withdrawal symptoms by slowly lowering the level of nicotine in the body

35

buproprion example

wellbutrin

36

buproprion

decreases cravings for cigs

37

varenicline

alleviates nicotine craving