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Flashcards in pharm 8 Deck (58):
1

cardiac glycosides

act directly on the myocardium to increase the force of myocardial contractions
HEART FAILURE

2

drug for cardiac glycoside

digoxin

3

digoxin

need to monitor pulse before you administer it

4

arrhythmia

any change from the normal sequence of electrical impulses of the heart

5

antiarrhythmic agents

suppress cardiac arrhythmias

6

adenosine (adenocard)

restores normal sinus rhythm by slowing down AV node

7

amiodarone (cordarone)

life threatening ventricular arrhythmias

8

amiodarone black box

should be hospitalized when first started

9

beta adrenergic blockers example

propranolol (inderal)

10

beta adrenergic blockers

combat arrhythmias by inhibiting adrenergic nerve receptors

11

calcium channel blockers example

verapamil (calan)

12

calcium channel blockers

treat A fib/flutter
slowing AV nodal conduction

13

lidocaine

membrane stabilizing action EMERGENCY

14

procainamide

act by decreasing myocardial excitability, inhibiting conduction, and depress myocardial contractility

15

procainamide example

disopyramide (norpace)

16

propafenone (rythmol)

life threatening ventricular arrhythmias

17

HTN

>140/90

18

antihypertensives

can't cure HTN by itself; just treat

19

antihypertensives SE

hypotension

20

thiazide diurectics

combined a lot of the time HTN

21

beta adrenergic

treat angina, post MI, heart disease

22

angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

decreasing vasoconstriction
1st or 2nd generation

23

calcium blockers

treat HTN

24

ACE inhibitors example

benazepril

25

angiotensin receptor blockers

block angiotensin receptor that causes vasoconstriction

26

angiotensin receptor blockers example

losartan

27

antiadrenergic agents example

minipress

28

antiadrenergic agents

HTN
central acting alpha adrenergic agent

29

peripheral vasodilator

HTN with CHF
increases HR and cardiac output

30

coronary vasodilators

treatment of angina
dilate blood vessels and stop attacks of angina

31

angina pectoris

most common angina

32

nitrates

most common for relief of angina pectoris

33

nitrates example

nitroglycerin

34

antilipemic agents

>200 mg/dL

35

LDL

bad cholesterol

36

HDL

good cholesterol

37

statins

inhibit the enzyme for cholesterol snthesis 1st choice

38

bile acid sequestrants example

questran

39

bile acid sequestrants

bind bile acids in the intestine

40

nicotinic acid (niacin)

reduces liver synthesis and inhibits the mobilization of free fatty acids from the peripheral tissues
-raise HDL

41

fibric acid derivatives (fibrates)

help with overall cholesterol, and extremely high triglycerides
helps with diabetes

42

cholesterol absorption inhibitors example

zetia

43

cholesterol absorption inhibitors

reduces LDL levels by inhibiting interstinal absorption of both dietary and biliary cholesterol, blocking its transport in the sm intestine

44

anithrombotic agents

try to break up blood clots

45

anticoagulants

act on different steps

46

warfarin

alters vitamin K

47

new oral anticoagulants

more money, but better advantages

48

heparin

out dated
anticoagulant

49

platelet inhibitor therapy

inhibit platelet clumping

50

dipyridamole (persantine)

inhibits platelet aggregation

51

aspirin

prevention of thrombosis

52

adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonists example

plavix

53

adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonists

block the activation of the platelet's receptor surface, inhibiting platelet activation

54

thromboyltic agents

dissolve clot after they have formed

55

thromybolytic agents example

alteplase

56

hematopoiesis

formation, differentiation, and maturation of blood cells into specific cell lines

57

erythropoiesis stimulating agents

regulation of the production and development of blood cells, in the bone marrow

58

colony stimulating factors

work on neutrophils in host defense needs