pharm 8 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 > pharm 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in pharm 8 Deck (58)
Loading flashcards...
1

cardiac glycosides

act directly on the myocardium to increase the force of myocardial contractions
HEART FAILURE

2

drug for cardiac glycoside

digoxin

3

digoxin

need to monitor pulse before you administer it

4

arrhythmia

any change from the normal sequence of electrical impulses of the heart

5

antiarrhythmic agents

suppress cardiac arrhythmias

6

adenosine (adenocard)

restores normal sinus rhythm by slowing down AV node

7

amiodarone (cordarone)

life threatening ventricular arrhythmias

8

amiodarone black box

should be hospitalized when first started

9

beta adrenergic blockers example

propranolol (inderal)

10

beta adrenergic blockers

combat arrhythmias by inhibiting adrenergic nerve receptors

11

calcium channel blockers example

verapamil (calan)

12

calcium channel blockers

treat A fib/flutter
slowing AV nodal conduction

13

lidocaine

membrane stabilizing action EMERGENCY

14

procainamide

act by decreasing myocardial excitability, inhibiting conduction, and depress myocardial contractility

15

procainamide example

disopyramide (norpace)

16

propafenone (rythmol)

life threatening ventricular arrhythmias

17

HTN

>140/90

18

antihypertensives

can't cure HTN by itself; just treat

19

antihypertensives SE

hypotension

20

thiazide diurectics

combined a lot of the time HTN

21

beta adrenergic

treat angina, post MI, heart disease

22

angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

decreasing vasoconstriction
1st or 2nd generation

23

calcium blockers

treat HTN

24

ACE inhibitors example

benazepril

25

angiotensin receptor blockers

block angiotensin receptor that causes vasoconstriction

26

angiotensin receptor blockers example

losartan

27

antiadrenergic agents example

minipress

28

antiadrenergic agents

HTN
central acting alpha adrenergic agent

29

peripheral vasodilator

HTN with CHF
increases HR and cardiac output

30

coronary vasodilators

treatment of angina
dilate blood vessels and stop attacks of angina