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Flashcards in LP2 2 Deck (69):
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serum

liquid portion of blood that is CLOTTED

1

plasma

liquid portion of blood this is NOT CLOTTED (anticoagulant)

2

erythrocytes

RBC

3

leukocytes

WBC

4

thrombocytes

platelets

5

CBC

RBC
HCT
RBC INDICES
HGB
DIFF COUNT
PLATLETS

6

tube for CBC

lavendar

7

leukopenia

decrease in number of WBC's

8

leukocytosis

increase in number of WBC's

9

granularcytes

WBC's that contain granules in their cytoplams
(end is phils)

10

nongranularcytes

WBC's that may have a few or no granules in their cytoplasm
(end in cytes)

11

macrophages

large, engulfing cells

12

mast cells

basophils in tissue

13

neutrophils

WBC's
stain lavendar/pink

14

lymphocytes

small, nongranular WBC that develop into bone marrow

15

monocytes

large, nongranular WBC that develop into bone marrow
infections

16

eosinophils

WBC
stain red
allergic reactions

17

basophils

WBC
stain dark blue

18

polycythemia

increased number or RBC's

19

hematologist

evaluates the cellular element of blood microscopically by using test methods

20

bilirubin

the waste product from the breakdown of Hgb that is metabolized by the liver

21

heme

iron

22

globin

protein

23

buffy coat

WBCs and platelets

24

anisocytosis

abnormal variances in RBC size

25

poiklocytosis

abnormal shapes in RBCs

26

reticulocytes

newly released RBC in the blood that still contain DNA

27

normocytes

young RBC

28

reference range RBC

4.5-6 million

29

units RBC

mm3

30

reference range Hgb

14-18

31

units Hgb

g/dL

32

method Hgb

hemocue

33

reference range Hct

42-52

34

units Hct

%

35

method Hct

hematastat

36

how much should Hct match by?

2%

37

RBC indices

assists in diagnosing what type of anemia

38

MCH

Hbg/RBC (26-34 pg)

39

MCV

Hct/RBC (80-100 fl)

40

MCHC

Hgb/Hct (31-36%)

41

megakaryoctye

large nuclear cell in the bone marrow that fragments its cytoplasm to become platelets

42

job of megakaryoctye

clots blood

43

reference range of megakaryoctye

150,000-400,000

44

units of megakaryoctye

mm3

45

stain

wright stain

46

slide characteristics

feathered edge

47

differential count with oil on

100x

48

scan on

10x

49

anemia

RBC or hemoglobin level is below normal

50

sickle cell anemia

RBCs collapse into a sickle shape

51

iron deficiency anemia

blood loss or inadequate iron in the diet (most common)

52

aplastic anemia

inability to produce cells in the bone marrow

53

hemolytic anemia

RBC destruction

54

leukemia

cancers of the WBC's

55

type of specimen ESR

venous
EDTA

56

reference range ESR

0-20

57

units ESR

mm/hr

58

elevated ESR

inflammation
leukemia
rouleaux
falsely (tilted tube, read after 60 mins,, vibrations)

59

protime

test for monitoring coagulation times for patients taking anticoagulants

60

fibrin

very end clot

61

embolus

traveling clot

62

vitamin K

critical in the production of prothrombin

63

APTT

activated partial thromboplastin time
30-45 seconds

64

thromboplastin

tissue factor

65

heparin

blood thinner; anticoagulation

66

venous

Na citrate tube (light blue top) filled to the line

67

reference range PT

11-13

68

units PT

seconds