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Flashcards in Pharm 4 Deck (44):
1

diuretic

increase urine excretion

2

what does diuretic treat?

reduce circulating fluid volume to help treat edema and hypertension

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most common diuretic

thiazide

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thiazides is most frequently used for

increase excretion of water, sodium, chloride & potassium

5

example of thiazides

hydrochlorothiazide

6

thiazide treatment

edema
hypertension
kidney stones

7

thiazide side effects

hypokalemia
lower bp

8

loop diuretics treatment

edema
ascites
hypertension

9

loop diuretics

inhibit sodium and chloride reabsorption

10

when are potassium sparing diuretics used?

seldomly used alone

11

potassium sparing diuretics side effects

hyperkalemia

12

why do people pick potassium sparing diuretics?

if they have cirrohois

13

use for potassium sparing diuretics

combined with thiazide to increase the diuretic and hyposensitive effects

14

osmotic agents

reduce intracranial or intraocular pressure

15

gout

arthritis/ accumulation of uric acid crystals in various joints

16

most common area for gout

big toe

17

NSAID

anti-inflammatory
acute gout

18

corticosteriods

use for acute gout if they can't tolerate NSAIDs

19

colchicine

used to relieve inflammation
acute gout

20

important colchicine

drink lots of water

21

uricosuric agents

promote urinary excretion of uric acid
chronic gout

22

uricosuric agents side effects

kidney stones

23

xanthine oxidase inhibitor

chronic gout

24

example of xanthine oxidase inhibitor

allopurionol

25

allopurinol

prevention of kidney stones

26

overactive bladder

frequency and urgency

27

frequency

more than 8x per 24 hours

28

antispasmodics

anticholinergics used to increase capacity and decrease urgency

29

bladder antispasmodics side effects

drying
dizzy
drowsy

30

cholinergics

gotta go gotta go

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cholinergics side effects

urgency

32

urinary analygesics

short term relief burning pain
UTI

33

AZO standard

only for symptomatic relief

34

urinary analgestics side effects

orange/red urine

35

BPH

most common benign tumor in men
prostate enlargement

36

anti androgens

suppress growth of prostate

37

alpha blocker

improves urine flow
decrease BPH symptoms
1st LINE

38

PDE inhibitor

ED & BPH

39

loop side effects

fluid imbalance
hypokalemia
hypotension

40

loop example

Lasix

41

osmotic example

mannitol

42

NSAID example

ibuprofen

43

when are cholinergics used?

surgery/childbirth

44

PDE example

Cialis