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Flashcards in Dani - ch 1 Deck (63):
1

____: scientific study of disease

pathology

2

pathology provides an understanding of 5 things

disease process
causes
mechanisms
manifestations
sequelae

3

_____: signs and symptoms

manifestations

4

study of diseases was based at first on ___ or ___ ___ of organs after death

autopsies
gross examination

5

___ ___: study of diseases was based at first on autopsies or gross examination of organs after death

morbid anatomy

6

____ ___: in the 18th century, the discovery of light microscopes enabled pathologists to detect tissue changes at cellular level

cellular pathology

7

in the 20th century, the electron microscope could reveal changes at ___ level

subcellular

8

____: diagnosis of disease through tissue examination

histopathology

9

histopathy is the diagnosis of disease through ____ ____

tissue examination

10

___: diagnosis of disease through examination of separated cells

cytopathology

11

cytopathology: diagnosis of disease through examination of ____ ___

separated cells

12

___ ___: study of diseases regarding biochemical changes in tissue and body fluids

chemical pathology

13

chemical pathology: study of diseases regarding ___ ____ in tissue and body fluids

biochemical changes

14

____ ____: application of pathology to legal purposes

forensic pathology

15

forensic pathology: application of pathology to ___ purposes

legal

16

____: study of poisons and their effects

toxicology

17

toxicology: study of ___ and their effects

poisons

18

___: study of disorders of blood cells and coagulation proteins

hematology

19

___: study of immune response in disease

immunology

20

_____: study of infectious diseases and responsible agents

microbiology

21

___: study of abnormal chromosomes and genes

genetics

22

____: damage by harmful agent + body's reaction

disease

23

clinical picture = _____

manifestations

24

___: way in which normal went to abnormal

pathogenesis

25

2 difficulties to learning pathology

language
process

26

____: examination of tissue samples from living patients

biopsy

27

3 types of biopsies

needle
incisional
endoscopic

28

___ biopsy: using wide pored cutting needle to take tissue samples

needle

29

____ biopsy: surgical incision to take tissue samples

incisional

30

___ biopsy: visual guided instruments to take tissue samples

endoscopic

31

____: examination of scattered cells

cytology

32

____ cytology: pleural effusion

fluid

33

___ cytology: bronchial washing for lung cancer

washing

34

___-____ cytology: aspiration of solid tissue as breast mass

fine needle

35

____ cytology: scraped or brushed cells from epithelial surface as bronchus or cervix

exfoliative

36

____ pathology: biopsy, cytology, blood, and secretion and excretions

diagnostic

37

___: occurance

incidence

38

___: infectious agenst, chemical agents, physical agents or genetic abnormalities

etiology

39

____ ___: any abnormality restricted to a single disease --> of diagnostic importance

pathognomic abnormality

40

___: disease characterized by ___ ___

multiple findings

41

___: forecast of the probably outcome of a disease

prognosis

42

____ etiology: disease without any evident cause

primary

43

___ etiology: disease secondary or complication of some underlying cause

secondary

44

___ tumor: initial site

primary

45

___ tumor: tumor cells that disseminate producing secondary lesions in distant sites

secondary

46

____: distant spread regarding tumors

metastasis

47

____ course if disease: rapid onset and short course

acute

48

___ course of disease: insidious gradual onset and prolonged course

chronic

49

___ course of disease: between acute and chronic

subacute

50

_____ tumor: remain localized (capsulized), rarely fatal

benign

51

___ tumor: invade and spread from original site, commonly fatal

malignant

52

___-: above normal

hyper-

53

___-: below normal

hypo-

54

___-: change from one state to another

meta

55

-___: inflammation

itis

56

-___: swelling, tumor

-oma

57

-____: resembling

-oid

58

-___: disorder or growth

-plasia

59

-___: state, condition, process

osis

60

-___: abnormality lacking specific characteristics

opathy

61

___ ____: diseases named after a person or a place

eponymous names

62

____ disease: disease induced by healthcare providers words or actions

iatrogenic

63

____: related to physician or medicine

iatro