Day 1 review quiz Flashcards Preview

Step 1 stuff > Day 1 review quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 1 review quiz Deck (18):
1

Hormone change in Cushing's syndrome

elevated cortisol

2

Hormone change in Conn's syndrome

high aldosterone

3

Hormone change in addison's disease

low cortisol and aldosterone

4

Hormone change in Grave's disease

elevated thyroid hormone

5

Function of MacConkey's agar

Select out gram positives (crystal violet and bile salts), distinguish lactose fermenters vs non (lactose and neutral red: pink colonies)

6

5 classes of meds to treat glaucoma

Alpha agonists
Beta blockers
Cholinergic agonists
Diuretics (acetazolamide, mannitol)
Prostaglandin F2 alpha

7

Ptnt with facial angiofibroma, ash-leaf spots of skin depigmentation, history of seizures, and mental retardation. What condition? What neoplasms are possible?

Tuberous sclerosis
Cardizc rhabdomyoma, astrocytoma, angiomyolipoma

8

Cause of achalasia? How is it diagnosed?

Lose Myenteric plexus, can't relax sphincter.
Barium swallow or manometry

9

Leading cause of death 15-24
Leading cause of death 25-64

Injuries, homicide, suicide, cancer and heart disease
Cancer, heart disease, injuries, suicide, stroke

10

Anti-GBM antibodies

Goodpasture's

11

Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules on LM

diabetic nephropathy

12

Spike and dome appearance on EM

membranous glomerulonephritis

13

Tram track of subendothelial humps on EM

mpgn

14

Supepithelial humps on EM

acute psgn

15

Uses for Metronidazole

Giardia, Entomaeba, trichomonas
G vaginalis, anerobes, h Pylori

16

2 most common complications after an MI
What is Dressler's syndrome?

cardiac arrhythmia (watch K and Mg)
LV failure (PE, right sided failure)
Autoimmune disease resulting in fibrinous pericarditis

17

Cause of chronic granulomatous disease
Consequences of CGD.

Lack of NADPH oxidase activity, can't generate oxygen free radicals to kill substances
Consequences: susceptible to opportunistic infections (E coli, aspergillus, etc)

18

What is the WAGR complex

Things with Wilm's tumor
Wilm's tumor
Aniridia
Genitourinary malformation
Retardation (mental/motor)