Flashcards in Day 1 review quiz Deck (18):
Hormone change in Cushing's syndrome
Hormone change in Conn's syndrome
Hormone change in addison's disease
low cortisol and aldosterone
Hormone change in Grave's disease
elevated thyroid hormone
Function of MacConkey's agar
Select out gram positives (crystal violet and bile salts), distinguish lactose fermenters vs non (lactose and neutral red: pink colonies)
5 classes of meds to treat glaucoma
Diuretics (acetazolamide, mannitol)
Prostaglandin F2 alpha
Ptnt with facial angiofibroma, ash-leaf spots of skin depigmentation, history of seizures, and mental retardation. What condition? What neoplasms are possible?
Cardizc rhabdomyoma, astrocytoma, angiomyolipoma
Cause of achalasia? How is it diagnosed?
Lose Myenteric plexus, can't relax sphincter.
Barium swallow or manometry
Leading cause of death 15-24
Leading cause of death 25-64
Injuries, homicide, suicide, cancer and heart disease
Cancer, heart disease, injuries, suicide, stroke
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules on LM
Spike and dome appearance on EM
Tram track of subendothelial humps on EM
Supepithelial humps on EM
Uses for Metronidazole
Giardia, Entomaeba, trichomonas
G vaginalis, anerobes, h Pylori
2 most common complications after an MI
What is Dressler's syndrome?
cardiac arrhythmia (watch K and Mg)
LV failure (PE, right sided failure)
Autoimmune disease resulting in fibrinous pericarditis
Cause of chronic granulomatous disease
Consequences of CGD.
Lack of NADPH oxidase activity, can't generate oxygen free radicals to kill substances
Consequences: susceptible to opportunistic infections (E coli, aspergillus, etc)