Renal Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Renal Diseases Deck (29):
1

Most common nephrotic syndrome in kids

MCD

2

IF: granular pattern of immune complex deposition
LM: diffuse capillary thickening

Membranous Glomerulonephritis

3

IF: granular pattern of immune complex deposition
LM: hypercellular glomeruli

Acute PSGN

4

IF: linear pattern of immune complex deposition

Goodpasture's syndrome

5

IF: deposition of IgG, IgM, IgA, and C3 in the mesangium

IgA nephropathy

6

Kimmelstiel-Wilson lesions (nodular glomerulosclerosis)

Diabetic glomerulonephropathy

7

Most common nephrotic syndrome in adults

Membranous glomerulonephritis

8

EM: loss of epithelial foot processes

MCD

9

Nephrotic syndrome a/w Hep B

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

10

Nephrotic syndrome a/w HIV

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

11

Anti-GBM antibodies, hematuria, hemoptysis

Goodpasture's

12

EM: subendothelial humps and tram-track appearance

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

13

Nephritis, deafness, cataracts

Alport syndrome

14

LM: crescent formation in the glomeruli

Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

15

LM: segmental sclerosis and hyalinosis

FSGS

16

Purpura on back of arms and legs, abdominal pain, IgA nephropathy

Henoch-Schonlein purpura

17

LM: wire loop appearance

SLE nephropathy

18

apple-green birefringence with Congo-red stain under polarized light

Renal Amyloidosis

19

EM: spiking of the GBM due to electron dense subepithelial desposits

Membranous glomerulonephritis

20

RBC casts

Acute glomerulonephritis

21

WBC casts (2)

Acute pyelonephritis
Acute interstitial nephritis

22

Bacterial cast

Acute pyelonephritis

23

Epithelial cell cast

Renal tubule damage

24

Waxy cast

chronic renal failure (stasis of urine flow)

25

Fatty cast

Nephrotic syndrome

26

Granular cast

Acute tubular necrosis

27

Multiple mesangial nodules

Kimmelsteil Wilson lesions, indicates diabetic glomerulonephropathy

28

Nephrotic syndrome and hearing loss

Alport's Syndrome

29

4 year-old with facial edema and proteinuria: treatment

Steroids