Ovarian Tumors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ovarian Tumors Deck (16):
1

Produces AFP

yolk sac tumor (aka endodermal sinus tumor)

2

Estrogen secreting: leads to precocious puberty

granulosa-theca cell tumor

3

Intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material

mucinous cystadenocarcinoma

4

Testosterone secreting, leads to virilization

sertoli-leydig cell tumor

5

Psammoma bodies

serous cystadenocarcinoma

6

Multiple different tissue types

teratoma

7

Lined with fallopian tube-like epithelium

serous cystadenoma

8

Ovarian tumor, ascites, and pleural effusions

Migg's syndrome of ovarian fibroma

9

Call-Exner bodies

granulosa-theca cell tumor

10

Resembles bladder epithelium

brenner tumor

11

Elevated hCG

choriocarcinoma (sometimes dysgerminoma)

12

An obese woman presents with amenorrhea and increased levels of serum testosterone. What is the diagnosis?

PCOS

13

A patient with polycystic ovarian disease is most at risk for developing what type of cancer?

Endometrial carcinoma

14

Why is progesterone used in combination with estrogen during estrogen replacement therapy?

to reduce risk of endometrial hyperplasia/carcinoma

15

Under what circumstances would you expect to see elevated LH? (4 things)

menopause (with high FSH), PCOS, normally prior to ovulation, androgen insensitivity syndrome

16

What is protective for ovarian cancer?

Breast feeding
Pregnancy
Oral contraceptives
Anything that makes you ovulate less