Flashcards in Diseases of the Endocrine System Deck (11):
Hypersecretion of glucocorticoids, redistribution of body fats, "moon face", swollen face, red cheeks, buffalo hump, thin, reddened skin, wt gain, hypertension & baldness.
Hyposecretion of mineralcorticoids & glucocorticoids, decrease in blood sodium levels, drop in blood glucose & increase in potassium levels, dehydration w/ wt loss, hyperpigmentation, dark face, nausea, muscle & joint pain, depression, irritability.
Grave's Disease (hyperthyroidism)
Hypersecretion of thyroid hormone, toxic diffuse goiter, exophthalmos, raised skin over the shins, fxs speeds up. Inherited or possibly autoimmune. Increased perspiration & nervousness.
Hashimoto's Disease (hypothyroidism)
Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone, enlarged thyroid (goiter), affects ages 30-50 years, fxs slows down, more common in females, thin skin, dry brittle nails, polycystic ovary disease, idepathic hirutism (excessive hair), cold skin.
D/t underactive thyroid gland during infancy & childhood.
D/t underactive growth hormone (GH) during childhood.
D/t overactive growth hormone (GH). usually w/ tumor of pituitary, during childhood.
Over-secretion of growth hormone (GH) during adulthood.
Syndrome X (Metabolic disease)
Refers to a collection of metabolic abnormalities that put PT at risk of stroke & coronary artery disease. Ex. high blood sugar, high BP, too much fat around the waist.
Depigmented macules appear on the face, hands, feet & other regions.