Diseases of the Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

My Subject > Diseases of the Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diseases of the Endocrine System Deck (11):
1

Cushing's Syndrome

Hypersecretion of glucocorticoids, redistribution of body fats, "moon face", swollen face, red cheeks, buffalo hump, thin, reddened skin, wt gain, hypertension & baldness.

2

Addison's Disease

Hyposecretion of mineralcorticoids & glucocorticoids, decrease in blood sodium levels, drop in blood glucose & increase in potassium levels, dehydration w/ wt loss, hyperpigmentation, dark face, nausea, muscle & joint pain, depression, irritability.

3

Grave's Disease (hyperthyroidism)

Hypersecretion of thyroid hormone, toxic diffuse goiter, exophthalmos, raised skin over the shins, fxs speeds up. Inherited or possibly autoimmune. Increased perspiration & nervousness.

4

Hashimoto's Disease (hypothyroidism)

Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone, enlarged thyroid (goiter), affects ages 30-50 years, fxs slows down, more common in females, thin skin, dry brittle nails, polycystic ovary disease, idepathic hirutism (excessive hair), cold skin.

5

Cretinism

D/t underactive thyroid gland during infancy & childhood.

6

Dwarfism

D/t underactive growth hormone (GH) during childhood.

7

Gigantism

D/t overactive growth hormone (GH). usually w/ tumor of pituitary, during childhood.

8

Acromegaly

Over-secretion of growth hormone (GH) during adulthood.

9

Syndrome X (Metabolic disease)

Refers to a collection of metabolic abnormalities that put PT at risk of stroke & coronary artery disease. Ex. high blood sugar, high BP, too much fat around the waist.

10

Vitiligio

Depigmented macules appear on the face, hands, feet & other regions.

11

Cafe-Au-Lait Spot (birthmark)

Slightly uniformly pigmented macule/patch w/ irregular borders. Sizes: 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm.

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