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Flashcards in Western-Drugs Deck (15):
1

HMG-CoA Inhibitors
(-statins)

Use: Tx of elevated total & LDL cholesterol in PT w/ hypercholesterolemia.

Lipitor (atorvastatin), Lecol (fluvastatin), Mevacor (lovastatin), Pravachol (pravastatin), Zocor (simvastatin)

*Avoid grapefruit*

2

Calcium Channel Blockers
(-dipines)

Use: angina pectoris, hypertension, arrhythmias

Norvasc (amlodipine)

*Avoid grapefruit*

3

Benzodiazepines
(-lams/pams)

Use: anxiety d.o., insomnia, seizures

Xanax (alprazolam), Librium (chlordiazeproxide), Klonopin (clonazepam), Valium/Diastat (diazepam),
Ativan (triazolam)

*Avoid grapefruit

4

Beta-Adrenergic Blockers (beta-blockers)
(-olols)

Use: hypertension, angina pectoris, palpitations, prevention of migranes

Tenormin (atenolol)
Inderal (propranolol)
Levatol (penbutolol)

*Avoid NSAIDS, ibuprofen, insulin*

5

Antidepressants
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
(-prams/ines)

Use: depression, ocd's, ptsd, anxiety, panic d.o.

Celexa (citalopram), Lexapro (escitalopram), Prozac (fluoxetine), Luvox (fluvoxamine), Paxil (paroxetine), Zoloft (sertraline)

*Avoid St. John's Wort

6

Antidiabetics

Use: Type-2 DM, Insulin-dependent maturity-onset diabetes, Type-1 DM

Insulin, Glucophage (metformin), Prandin (repaglinide)

*Avoid ginseng, garlic*

7

Antihistamines

Use: allergies, motion sickness, anaphylactic reactions

Zyrtec (cetirizine), Dramamine (dimenhydrinate), Benadryl/Nytol/Sominex (diphenhydramine), Allegra (fexofenadine), Claritin (loratadine)

*Avoid MAIOs, alcohol

8

Diuretics

Use: edema, CHF, hypertension, corticosteroid & estrogen therapy

Loop: Lasix (flurosemide)

*Avoid Licorice. Can cause hypokalemia*

9

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

Use: symptoms of RA & osteoarthritis, mild pain, fever reduction

Celebrex (celecoxib), Advil/Motrin/Nuprin (ibuprofen), Anaprox/Aleve (naproxen)

*Avoid loop diuretics*

10

Antidepressants
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
(-ines)

Use: depression

Nardil (phenelzine), Parnate (tranycypromine)

*Avoid cheddar/aged cheeses, Chianti wine)

11

Anticoagulants
(-ins)

Use: Tx & prevention of pulmonary embolism & venous thrombosis

Bufferin/Bayer (aspirin), Coumadin (warfarin), Heparin (heparin)

*Avoid food rich in Vit. K. It antagonizes warfarin's ability to reduce Vit. K-dependent coagulation factors.

12

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
(-prils)

Use: hypertension, CHF

Accupril (quinapril), Zestril (lisinopril), Capoten (captopril)

13

Antiarrhythmics

Use: tachycardia, Atrial, arrhythmias

Type II: Inderal (propanolol)
Lanoxin (digoxin)

*Avoid dairy products w/ phenytoin/dilantin.*

14

Antibiotics

Use: bacterial infections

Fluoroquinolones: Cipro (ciprofloxacin)
Penicillins: Trimox (amoxicillin trihydrate)
Macrolide Antibiotics: Zithromax (azithromycin)
Tetracyclines: Achromycin (tetracycline)

*Avoid St. John's Wort, dairy products w/ fluoroquinolones & tetracyclines.

15

Antiestrogen
Tamoxifen, Nolvadex
(tamoxifen Citrate)

Use: Tx of breast cancer & reduction in risk of breast cancer.

*Avoid grapefruit juice*

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