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Flashcards in Western-CNT Deck (22):
1

What is the single most important action in preventing cross-infections?

Hand washing

2

How long should you wash your hands?

10 seconds

3

What are autogenous infections?

Infections caused by pathogens that the patient is already carrying.

4

What are cross infections?

Infections caused by pathogens acquired from another person or from the environment.

5

Name this disease...
70% infectious for 3+ months after symptoms subside. Chronic carriers may develop cirrhosis & liver cancer.

Hepatitis B

6

What is the incubation period of HBV?

50 - 180 days
Insidious onset

7

What is the incubation period of HAV?

15 - 50 days
Abrupt onset

8

What is the incubation period of HCV?

20 -90 days
Insidious onset

9

What is the incubation period of HDV?

Unknown

10

What is the incubation period of HEV?

15 - 60 days (avg 40 days)
Abrupt onset

11

HBV Vaccine Schedule

1st Injection: anytime
2nd Injection: @ least 1 month after first.
3rd Injection: 6 months after 1st dose

12

True or False?
Hepatitis B is only contagious during incubation (up to 6 months), full-blown and chronic stages; NOT convalescent stage.

True

13

When should the sharps container be replaced?

At 3/4 full or (2/3 - 3/4 full)

14

How often is TB testing recommended?

Yearly for PPD-type or every 6-months for inner city clinics or clinics treating AIDS PT/drug addicts

15

What is the most serious contaminant found on skin and other surfaces?

Staphylococcus

16

Definition of Sterilization?

The use of procedures that destroy all microbial life, including viruses.

17

Definition of Disinfection?

The use of chemical to destroy or reduce the number of pathogens on inanimate object.

18

Definition of Disinfectant?

Chemical employed in disinfection. Should only be used on inanimate objects.
Examples: Clorox (bleach), Lysol, Microquat

19

Definition of Antiseptic?

Product used to destroy microbial life on living tissue, particularly on skin.

20

Definition of Aseptic technique?

Technique for preventing infection during needling

21

How long should medical records be kept for minors?

Keep until they reach 19 yrs of age, plus an additional 7 years

22

How long should medical records be kept for adults?

7 years
30 years for Hepatitis PT

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