Flashcards in Differentiation of Needles Deck (12):
-Promotes the smooth flow of Qi & Blood in meridians, dispel blood stasis & eliminate heat
-Treats blockage of the meridians, blood stasis, excess/heat syndromes, high fever, loss of consciousness, sore throat & local congestion or swelling
-Aseptic operation is applied to prevent infections
-For spot pricking, the operation should be slight, superficial & rapid. Bleeding should not be excessive. Avoid injuring the deep large arteries.
-Pricking shall in no case be applied for those w/ weak constitution, pregnant women and those susceptible to bleeding, anemic or hypotensive.
Indications-Cutaneous (Dermal) Needles
-D.O. of the nervous system & skin disease
-HA, dizziness, vertigo, insomnia, GI disease, gynecological disease, skin disease, painful joints & paralysis
Manipulation-Cutaneous (Dermal) Needles
-After routine & local sterilization, hold the handle of needle & tap vertically on the skin surface w/ a flexible movement of the wrist.
-The tapping may be light or heavy.
Precautions-Cutaneous (Dermal) Needles
-The tips of the needles should be even & free from any hooks. On tapping, the tips of the needles should strike the skin at a right angle to the surface to reduce pain.
-Sterilize the needles & the local area to be treated. After heavy tapping, the local skin surface should be cleaned & sterilized to prevent infection.
-Tapping is not allowed to apply to the local trauma & ulcers.
-Acute infections & acute abdominal D.O.
Indications-Intradermal (Embedding) Needles
-Treats some chronic or painful diseases, which need a long time of retention of the needle (HA, ST ache, asthma, insomnia, enuresis, abnormal menstruation, dysmenorrhea, etc.
-Neurasthenia & hypertension
Manipulation-Intradermal (Embedding) Needles
-Grain-like needle applied to points or tender spots on various parts of the body.
-Thumbtack-type needle (ear region)
Precautions-Intradermal (Embedding) Needles
-Length of time needle is implanted depends on the pathological conditions in different seasons. *In the summer, needles are retained for 1-2 days because of excessive sweating which is likely to cause infection.
In the fall or winter, the retaining duration may be longer according to the need in specific cases.
-Try to avoid embedding the intradermal needle at the joints (to prevent pain in motion).
-In infected areas or skin ulcers, do note embed the needle.
-During the embedding period, the area around the needle must be kept clean.
Needle Description-Intradermal (Embedding) Needle
-Thumbtack type: 0.3 cm long w/ a head like a thumbtack.
-Grain-like type: 1 cm long, head like a grain of wheat.
Needle Description-Cutaneous (Dermal) Needle
-Plum Blossom: five, long
-Seven Star: seven, short
-Make sure the tip of needles are not too sharp, but on the same level w/ equal space between them, otherwise pain or bleeding may happen during tapping.