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Flashcards in DIT Deck (23)
1

What are the most common causes of DIC? (STOPMakingThrombi)

Sepsis/trauma/obstetric complication/pancreatitis/malignancy/transfusion

2

What is the most common heart murmur?

Mitral valve prolapse

3

Most common congenital heart defect?

VSD

4

What happens in decompression sickness? what is it also called? and what symptoms do you see?

Gases (nitrogen) that has dissolved in the blood in higher pressure form gas bubbles that occlude vessels / the bends/joint muscle pain, neurological, pulmonary symptoms (the choke)

5

What kind of cancer does pt with xeroderma pigmentosa has increase risk for?

Skin cancer

6

What test is used to detect corneal abrasion?

Fluorescein dye

7

What element is needed for the function of carbonic anhydrase and lactate dehydrogenase?

Zinc

8

What is digoxin's affect on CO?

Increase CO

9

How does adipocyte response to stress?

Stress--->symp activation--->epi and norepi released--->activate TG lipase--->breakdown TG and use fatty acid as energy

10

How would you get an anterior shoulder dislocation and what nerves does it affect?

Blow to the arm when the arm is extended/axillary nerve

11

Which bone do you usually fracture if you fall on your open hand?

Scaphoid

12

What does somatostatin inhibit?

GH/TSH/gastric acid/gallbladder contraction/insulin and glucagon

13

What are some examples of HIPPA exempt information?

Child abuse/birth or death/reportable disease/school (vaccination status)

14

Which one uses ionizing radiation, MRI or CT? what do you use MRI and CT to look for?

CT
MRI: soft tissue (brain)
CT: bone detail/blood (bleeding)

15

Which 2 electrolyte abnormalities would causes prolonged QT?

Hypo K+ and Mg2+

16

Where is CSF made and what is its function?

Choroid plexus in lateral ventricles of the brain/suspend the brain, mean for chemical to distribute

17

What is the amount of G force that cause visual blackout for a pilot?

4-6G

18

What arteries supply the adrenal glands and where do they from?

Superior adrenal--->inferior phrenic
Middle adrenal--->aorta
Inferior adrenal--->renal artery

19

What is granuloma annular?

Ring shaped plaque
Asymptomatic
Rope like edge--->found on hands/wrist/ankle/feet

20

What test is used to detect capsule of bacteria?

Quellong reaction

21

What is conductive hearing loss and what causes it?

Sound can not be conducted (nerve works)
Ear wax buildup
ear infection
ruptured tympanic membrane
Otosclerosis

22

What does strychnine/tetanus/latrotoxin/botulinum

Strychnine--->glycine antagonist
Tetanus--->block glycine and GABA
Tatrotoxin--->release ACh
Botulinum--->inhibit ACh

23

What is hyperbaric O2 used for?

CO poisoning/decompression sickness/gas gangrene