Flashcards in Enforcing and Protecting Human Rights Deck (20):
EU drafted the ? (E C F R)
European Charter of Fundamental Rights
Stronger laws means
greater legal protection
Ban of financial gain from human body strengthens the law against
slavery, illegal organ transplants, prostitution, and the selling of surrogate babies
Education protection so that people can
Complain when their rights are being violated
"All people should be free to fulfil their potential."
Raising awareness - Example
Use the publicity of the Olympics to pressurise the Chinese gov. to respect people's rights.
Amnesty International holds campaign to encourage people to
Write to governments
Letting governments know is a very useful deterrent.
Pressure groups like Human Rights Watch ,
Produce reports on governments each year to draw attention to their human rights record.
They encourage individuals, companies and governments that respect human rights not to tare with those that don't
Unarmed observers on the ground
from pressure group and Untied Nation
Zimbabwe Election in July 2013
Zimbabwe Support Network placed 7,000 observers around the country
UN send in observers. Syria to oversee the destruction of chemical weapons
Define Economic Sanctions
When you put restrictions on your trade with another country to pressure them into doing something
Eg. Restrictions or banning certain key goods such as medical aid. Limiting the movement of money.
Aim of Economic sanction
To force countries to uphold humans rights or face economic penalties.
Iraq economic sanctions
medical care became very restricted for ordinary people and hence the sanction were imposed.
In this case, hurting and violation the human rights of the people they are intended to protect
Job for UN peacekeepers
Monitor human rights and protect them where possible, without getting drawn into the conflict.
Because they are there on behalf of the UN, their presence is legal and neutral
Example of UN peacekeepers being involved
Cyprus over the last 25 years.
Define Military action
Sending in troops, or deploying aircraft to prevent further human rights abuse from occurring.
Aim of military action
To protect the right to life and security of innocent individuals
Example of military intervention
Regim change in Iraq 2003.
the USA, UK, Spain etc invaded Iraq and overthrew Saddam Hussein's government
Define Ethnic cleansing
When a whole ethnic group is forced to move from their homes and are killed.
Ethnic cleansing is a War Crime
Example of ethnic cleansing
Bosnia in the mid 1990s
An attempt to wipe out a whole group of people