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Flashcards in Voting system Deck (19):
1

What is First Past the Post?

When the candidate receiving more votes than others

2

Where is First Past the Post used to decide the outcome from an election?

House of Commons
Local elections in England + Wales

3

2 advantages of First Past the Post

Clear Winner
Easier to get new laws passed

4

2 disadvantages of First Past the Post?

- Party with most votes might not win the most seats and therefore does not go into power
- Smaller parties can be ignored and therefore not get much say in Parliament
- All losing votes are wasted

5

Alternative Voting

Voter has the chance to rank the candidates in order of reference

6

Where is the Alternative Vote is used to decide the outcome from an election?

Chairs of select committees in the House of Commons
Lord Speaker
By-election for hereditary peers

7

2 advantages of Alternative Voting

Prevents MPs being elected on a minority
Increase the feeling that every vote counts
It keeps a link between the MP and his or her constituency

8

2 disadvantages of Alternative Voting

- Does not give results that provide a wide range of views in parliament
- Does not give voters more power than First Past the Post
- More complicated and therefore takes longer to count

9

Proportional Representation

An electoral system in which the distribution of seats corresponds closely with the proportion o the total votes cast

10

Where is Proportional Representation used to decide the outcome from an election

Austrlia
Germany
Scottish Parliament
Welsh Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly
European Pareliament

11

2 advantages of Proportional Representation

- Every vote count in the final make up of Parliament

- Still gives the two major parties the majority of MPs but they would also give the smaller parties considerably more seats

- More people may turnout to vote as they will feel that their vote counts

12

2 disadvantages of Proportional Representation

- Neither of the tow largest parties would have an overall majority

- If the opposition parties all decided to vote together they could always defeat the Government

- To form a strong Government, parties may be forced to form a Coalition.

13

Voter apathy

1) People think that their vote doesn't count
2) People have lost trust in politicians
3) People do not think that there is a great deal of difference between the parties or are dissatisfied with policies

14

How could you encourage more people to vote

- Change voting system
- Electronic voting
- Change the day
- Propaganda about the advantage of voting

15

2 reasons why voting should be compulsory

- It is a responsibility for everyone in a democracy to vote
- Voting is a human right and you should not ignore your human rights

16

2 reasons why voting should not be compulsory

- Make a mess of the voting paper causing more administration
- If you 'compel' to vote, they will ' just make it up', and easily influenced by media
- Freedom, free to choose whether to vote or not

17

2 reasons why the voting age should be lowered 16

- Other countries e.g Brazil can vote at 16
- Unfair for people that's 18, but have to wait till 23 to vote
- Young people have lots of opinion on political issues, such as racism, education and employment
- Around 1/5 of the population being left out

18

2 reasons why the voting age should not be lowered 16

- Too young to know what they are voting for
- Young people do not pay tax
- Young people are not educated enough to know about political issues , they would probably be influenced by their parents

19

Name 3 things that influence the way people vote

1. Party leaders
2. Party policies
3. Media Coverage- newspaper loyalty/ party political broadcasts