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Flashcards in ERP - Chemical Attack Undergound Deck (23):
1

What are the four types of chemical agents of concern to 1st responders?

NBBC
Nerve
Blister
Blood
Choking

2

What are the examples of NERVE agents?

Tabun (GA) - Fruity Odor
Sarin (GB) - NO ODOR
Soman (GD) - Camphor, Fruit odor
VX - NO ODOR

3

What is the distinctive odor of NERVE agents?

FRUIT

4

What are the outward signs of exposure to a NERVE agent?

Respiratory distress
Convulsions
S-L-U-D-G-E-M

5

What are the examples of BLISTER agents?

Mustard
- Nitrogen Mustard - Fishy, musty odor
- Sulfur Mustard - Garlic, mustard odor
Lewisite - Odor of geraniums
Color - Clear, yellow-brown

6

What is the distinctive odor of a BLISTER agent?

GARLIC

7

What are the outward signs of exposure to MUSTARDS?

Signs and symptoms DO NOT appear for several hours.
-Skin blistering

8

What are the outward signs of exposure to LEWISITE?

Signs and symptoms appear IMMEDIATELY
- Severe irritation to eyes, skin and airways, tissue necrosis.

9

What are examples of BLOOD agents?

Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) - Burnt Almonds
Cyanogen Chloride (CK) - Burnt Almonds

10

What is the distinctive odor of BLOOD agents?

BURNT ALMONDS

11

What are the outward signs of exposure to BLOOD agents?

Victims gasping for air
Convulsions

12

What are examples of CHOKING agents?

*Chlorine (CI) - Yellow-green color; Odor of bleach
*Ammonia
*Phosgene - Clear to pale yellow color; Odor of musky hay

13

What is the distinctive odor of a CHOKING agent?

Chlorine - Odor of bleach
Grass - Odor of musky hay

14

What are the outward signs of a CHOKING agent?

Victims gasping for air
Eye irritation

15

Verification of a chemical release at a subway shall cause the transmission of signal _____?

10-80 with the appropriate code.

16

What company is responsible to define the INITIAL Exclusion Zone at a underground chemical attack? And what is used to define this zone?

The 2nd arriving ladder company
- Team #2 - Site access control
- RED Haz-Mat Barrier tape is used to define the INITIAL Exclusion Zone.

17

What is the 1st arriving Ladder company at an underground chemical attack responsible for?

- Team #1 - Evacuation and Hazard Assessment
*Mark route for CPC Entry/Rescue Teams w/ SEARCH ROPES.
- Team #2 - Back up

18

What is the 2nd arriving ladder company at an underground chemical attack responsible for?

- Team #1 - Evacuation to gross decontamination
- Team #2 - Site Access Control
* Define Initial Exclusion Zone with RED Haz-Mat Barrier tape

19

Which engine company is responsible to provide an estimate of the number of victims to the IC from an underground chemical attack?

The 1st arriving engine will provide an estimate of the number of victims to the IC.

20

Describe the tags that are used by EMS during START for decon patients.

a) Black Tag - Deceased
b) Red Tag - IMMEDIATE *(Red/Orange - Code 10-45)*
c) Yellow Tag - Delayed
d) Green Tag - Minor
* C/R with Communications Manual, Chapter 8, Signal 10-45*

21

Who may perform Noxious Stimulus Triage (NST)?

Any CPC Level trained member or ABOVE may perform Noxious Stimulus Triage (NST)

22

All chemical agents EXCEPT _____ are heavier than air?

Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN)

23

Exposure to chemical agents will result in immediate signs and symptoms (seconds to minutes) with the EXCEPTION of ________ which will have delayed effects (hours).

With the EXCEPTION of Mustards and Phosgene.