Exam 3, Dr Dow, Peds Flashcards Preview

Year 2 CV > Exam 3, Dr Dow, Peds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3, Dr Dow, Peds Deck (27):
1

What are the TORCH group

toxo
other: syphilis, varicella-zoster, parvovirus B19, HIV
rubella
cytomegalo
HSV

2

What are buzzwords for infant with cardiac issues

diaphoresis and tachypnea with feeding
(exertion)

3

What is holt oram

defects or absence of thumb or radius
have ASD or VSD

4

what is acrocyanosis

cyanosis in extremities

5

What is coloboma

missing part of eye and eyelid

6

is a wide and fixed split S2 normal in kids

no

7

What are characterizations of innocent child murmurs

low pitched, non-turbulent, no highg velocity

8

What are sounds of suspicious heart murmurs in hchildren

high pitched
harsh
S1 holosystolic

9

What is Stills murmur

low pitched LSB(musical)
between age 3 and adolesence
no clicks

10

what is a venous hum

low pitched continuous from blood returning to heart
use bell

11

what is pulmonary flow murmur

ULSB high pitched, diaphragm
benign peripheral pulm stenosis
prominent in high flow situations like fever and anemia

12

What is Saturation levels in heart

70 on R
100 on L

13

Downs involves what type of cardiac defects

endocardial cushion defect
VSD

14

Turners patients have what cardiac defects

coarctation, AS, ASD

15

What is NOONAN

male version turners

16

What cardiac defects can occur with fetal alcohol syndrome

VSD, PDA, ASD, TOF

17

What are the 5 Ts of cyanotic congenital Herat disease

tetralogy of fallot
transposition of great aa
TAPVR
truncus arteriosus
tricuspide atresia

18

What is the most likely Dx in a severely cyanotic neonate within hours of birth

transposition of great vessels

19

neonate has CXR looks like snowman what is it

TAPVR

20

rib notching on CXR in infant is most likely what

coarctation

21

what are the top causes of myocarditis in children

viral: coxsackie, echo, poliomyelitis, mumps, rubella, CMV, HIV

22

what are EKG changes in myocarditis

ST changes, prolonged QT
arrhythmias

23

What do you see in lab work for myocarditis

PCR to see viral genome of myocardial cells

24

Tx for infant myocarditis

IV Ig

25

What is presentation Kawasaki in infants

fever for 5 days!!!!!!
then 4 of:
conjunctival injection
strawberry tongue
cervical lymphadenopathy
polymorphous xanthem
swelling of hands and feet

26

If untreated what can kawasaki turn into

coronary artery aneurysms

27

What do you screen for in sporting PE for children

family h/o early sudden death
murmurs
marfan's stigmata
other PE consistent with cardiac disease