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Flashcards in examination of the neck Deck (15):
1

what are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism

tremour, sweating, hair loss, irritability, muscle weakness, sleeping problems, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, diarrhea, enlargement of the thyroid, and weight loss due to increased basal metabolism

2

what are the symptoms of hypothyroidism

poor ability to tolerate cold, a feeling of tiredness, constipation, depression, and weight gain.[3] Occasionally there may be swelling of the front part of the neck due to goitre.
dry skin and thinning hair

3

what is thyromegaly

enlargement of the thyroid due to it not functioning properly (goitre)

4

what is onycholysis

separation of the nail from the nail bed, may be caused by trauma or thyroid disorder

5

what is thyroid acropachy

finger clubbing caused by graves disease

6

what is Grave's disease

autoimmune hyperthyroidism

7

what features of hypothyroidism can be observed on the face

puffy, coarse facial features, pale, waxy skin, hair loss and loss of outer part of eyebrows

8

what causes exopthalmos (proptosis) in hyperthyroidism

retro orbital infiltration and oedema

9

how can you tell if someone has exopthalmos

too much sclera is visible above and below the iris

10

if an anterior neck lump moves when the tongue is protruded what is it likely to be?

thyroglossal cyst

11

what should you note about a neck mass

location
size
consistency
mobility
tenderness

12

what muscles cover the thyroid gland

strap

13

what does a bruit in the area of the thyroid indicate

hyperthyroidism (increased blood supply to the gland)

14

what condition may have exagerated reflexes

hyperthyroidism

15

what condition might you have pretibial myxoedema

hyperthyroidism