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Flashcards in Neurology questions Deck (63)
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1

what type of dementia is more common in men and typically causes focal damage and early dysphasia

vascular

2

what is a neurofibroma

benign peripheral nervous system tumour

3

what is a schwaanoma

a benign primary tumour of cranial nerve 8

4

what is an astrocytoma

the commonest type of glioma and occurs on a spectrum with an increasing grade of malignancy

5

what proportion of those who suffer a first episode of schizophrenia will go on to suffer other episodes

80%

6

what are the features of lewy body dementia

paranoid delusions, hallucinations, and is often made worse by the use of neuroleptics
changes in thinking and reasoning
confusion and variable alertness
Parkinson's symptoms
hallucinations and delusions

7

what structures are found within the parotid gland

branches of external carotid
facial nerve
retromandibular vein

8

how is schizophrenia treated

first generation classical neuroleptics and second generation atypical neuroleptics

9

what drug is used to treat schizophrenia and is a selective D2 receptor antagonist

amisulpride

10

what artery arises at the lower border of digastric muscle, opposite the origin of the facial artery

occipital artery

11

what artery can be divided into three parts in relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle

maxillary artery

12

what artery turns upwards onto the face at the anterior border of the masseter

facial artery

13

what muscle is assisted by the atlanto occipital joint when nodding

sternocleidomastoid

14

what is the innervation of sternocleidomastoid

accessory nerve

15

which muscle elevates the hyoid and the floor of the mouth

mylohyoid

16

what are the features of mylohyoid

muscle running from the mandible to the hyoid bone forming the floor of the oral cavity
derived from the first pharyngeal arch
immediately superior to the anterior belly of digastric
innervated by inferior alveolar nerve

17

what is the function of mylohyoid

elevates the hyoid and tongue
depresses the mandible
reinforces the floor of the mouth

18

what is risperidone used to treat

psychosis and bipolar
atypical antipsychotic
blocks a mixture of receptor types

19

name some acquired prion diseases

fatal familial insomnia
kuru
variant CJD

20

which facial layer encloses the spinal accessory nerve within the posterior triangle

investing

21

what receptors does ketamine act on

glutamate

22

what is the function of sternothyroid

draws the larynx downwards

23

what are the benefits of offering patients relaxation techniques before surgery

earlier discharge and less post operative pain medication

24

what are the features of haloperidol

it is a butyrophenone
has a high incidence of extrapyramidal side effects
used to treat psychosis and similar conditions

25

what is tardive dyskinesia

involuntary repetitive body movements
slow onset
most frequently caused by long term use of antipsychotics

26

what is amisupride

atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia
D2 and D3 receptor antagonist
also used to treat depression

27

what is aripiprazole

atypical antipsychotic
blocks both dopamine and 5HT receptors

28

what is chlorpromazine

antipsychotic medication
D2, histamine, muscarinic and serotonin antagonist

29

what is quetiapine

atypical antipsychotic
dopamine receptor antagonist
targets alpha adrenoreceptors

30

what is sertindole

atypical antipsychotic

activates dopamine and serotonin receptors in the brain