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Thought, Sense and Movement > Face > Flashcards

Flashcards in Face Deck (34):
1

Name V1?

Opthalmic division

2

Name V2?

Maxillary division

3

Name V3?

Mandibular division

4

Where does V1 exit the cranium?

Superior orbital fissure

5

Where does V2 exit the cranium?

Foreman rotundum

6

Where does V3 exit the cranium?

Foreman ovale

7

Where does V1 emerge on the face?

Superior orbital fissure

8

Where does V2 emerge on the face?

Inferior orbital fissure

9

Where does V3 emerge on the face?

Mental foreman

10

Name the circular muscle surrounding the eyes?

Orbicularis oculi

11

What is the function of the inner muscle fibres in orbicularis oculi?

Close the eyelids gently

12

What is the function of the outer muscle fibres in orbicularis oculi?

Tightly squeeze the eyelids closed

13

Name the major muscle of facial expression found in the cheeks?

Buccinator

14

Name the point of origin of buccinator?

Pterygomandibular raphe

15

What pierces buccinator?

Parotid duct

16

Name the circular muscle surrounding the mouth?

Orbicularis oris

17

Name the muscle used to crinkle the forehead?

Frontalis (frontal belly of Occipitofrontalis)

18

Name the muscles used for smiling?

Zygomatic minor
Zygomatic major

19

Name the muscle used to crinkle the chin?

Mentalis

20

Name the muscle joining the angle of the jaw to the neck?

Platysma

21

Where does the facial nerve exit the cranium?

Stylomastoid foreman

22

Name the 5 branches of the facial nerve?

Temporal
Zygomatic
Buccal
Marginal mandibular
Cervical

23

What two muscles are innovated by the temporal branch?

Frontalis
Upper orbicularis oculus

24

What muscles are innovated by the zygomatic branch?

Lower orbicularis oculus

25

What two muscles are innovated by the buccal branch?

Buccinator
Upper orbicularis oris

26

What two muscles are innovated by the marginal mandibular branch?

Lower orbicularis oris
Mentalis

27

What muscles are innovated by the cervical branch?

Platysma

28

Lower motor neurone lesions will cause what type of facial palsy?

Ipsilateral

29

Upper motor neurone lesions will cause what type of facial palsy?

Contralateral with the forehead spared

30

Name the three muscles adjoining the parotid gland?

Temporalis
Sternocleidomastoid
Master

31

Name the three arteries that go through the parotid gland?

Superficial temporal
Maxillary
Lingual

32

What vein connects the pterygoid plexus, internal jugular and external jugular?

Retromandibular vein

33

Which veins form the retromandibular vein?

Superficial temporal vein
Maxillary vein

34

What is the nerve innervation to the parotid gland?

Auriculotemporal branch of Posterior V3