Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

Thought, Sense and Movement > Hip Joint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hip Joint Deck (31):
1

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by abduction?

30-40 degrees

2

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by adduction?

20-30 degrees

3

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by lateral (external) rotation?

30-45 degrees

4

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by medial (internal) rotation?

40-50 degrees

5

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by extension?

10 degrees

6

Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by flexion?

Knees extended - 100 degrees
Knees flexed - 130 degrees

7

Name the 9 muscles found in the gluteal region?

Glutimus maximus
Glutimus medius
Glutimus minimus
Tensor Fascialatus
Piriformis
Gemelus superior
Obturator internus
Gemelus inferior
Quadratus femoris

8

What is the action of glutimus maximus and where does it attach onto?

Powerful extensor and also rotator
Attaches on the gluteal tuberosity (lateral) of the femur

9

What is the action of both glutimus medius and minimus?

Abductors

10

Name all the abductor-rotatator (lateral) muscles of the hip and what is their points of attachment?

Piriformis (sciatic nerve below)
Gemellus superior
Obturator internus
Gemellus inferior
All attach onto the greater trochanter

11

What is the function of quadratus femoris and where is its attachment?

Rotator (lateral)
Quadrate tubercle

12

Name all of the muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh and state their actions?

All adductor-rotators (medial)
Adductor magnus (adductor hiatus)
Adductor longus (femoral triangle)
Adductor brevis
Pectineus (pectineal line on femur)
Gracilis

13

Name all of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh and state their actions?

All flexors of the hip and extensors of the knee
Rectus femoris
Vastus medialis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus lateralis
Sartorius (flexor of the hip AND knee)
Iliopsoas

14

Name all of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh and state their actions?

All extensor-rotators of the hip and flexors of the knee
Semitendonosus
Semimembranosus
Biceps femoris

15

In the hip joint where is hyaline cartilage found?

On articular surfaces

16

In the hip joint where is synovial membrane found?

Lines non-articular surfaces

17

What is the labrum made of?

Fibrocartilage

18

What is the blood supply of the ligament of the head of femur?

Obturator artery

19

What attaches onto the linea aspra?

Hamstrings

20

What two causes of particular concern are attributed to posterior hip-dislocations?

Fracture of the neck of acetabulum
Damage to the sciatic nerve

21

Name the intrinsic ligaments of the hip?

Ileofemoral ligament (limits extension to 10 degrees)
Pubofemoral ligament
Ishiofemoral ligament

22

Define Hilton's law?

Nerves to muscles which move a joint also supply sensory innovation to the joint

23

Which arteries form the cruciate anastomosis?

Lateral circumflex
Medial circumflex
Inferior gluteal
1st perforating branch

24

Which arteries form the tochenteric anastomosis?

Inferior gluteal
Superior gluteal
Lateral circumflex
Medial circumflex

25

Where does the puedendal nerve travel through and what are its root values?

Lesser sciatic foreman
S2-S4

26

What muscles does the superior gluteal nerve innovate and what are its root values?

Gluteus medius and minimus
Tensor facialatus
L4-S1

27

What muscles does the inferior gluteal nerve innovate and what are its root values?

Gluteus maximus
L5-S2

28

What muscles does the nerve to obturator supply and what are its root values?

Obturator internus
Gemelus superior
L5-S2

29

What muscles does the nerve to quadratus femoris supply and what are its root values?

Quadrator femoris
Gemelus inferior
L4-S1

30

What is of particular concern regarding a femoral neck fracture?

Loss of blood to the inter-capsule resulting in avascular necrosis

31

Describe a positive Trendelenburgs sign?

Pelvis drops on non-weight baring side