Flashcards in Hip Joint Deck (31):
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by abduction?
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by adduction?
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by lateral (external) rotation?
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by medial (internal) rotation?
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by extension?
Of the hip joint what angle of motion is produced by flexion?
Knees extended - 100 degrees
Knees flexed - 130 degrees
Name the 9 muscles found in the gluteal region?
What is the action of glutimus maximus and where does it attach onto?
Powerful extensor and also rotator
Attaches on the gluteal tuberosity (lateral) of the femur
What is the action of both glutimus medius and minimus?
Name all the abductor-rotatator (lateral) muscles of the hip and what is their points of attachment?
Piriformis (sciatic nerve below)
All attach onto the greater trochanter
What is the function of quadratus femoris and where is its attachment?
Name all of the muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh and state their actions?
All adductor-rotators (medial)
Adductor magnus (adductor hiatus)
Adductor longus (femoral triangle)
Pectineus (pectineal line on femur)
Name all of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh and state their actions?
All flexors of the hip and extensors of the knee
Sartorius (flexor of the hip AND knee)
Name all of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh and state their actions?
All extensor-rotators of the hip and flexors of the knee
In the hip joint where is hyaline cartilage found?
On articular surfaces
In the hip joint where is synovial membrane found?
Lines non-articular surfaces
What is the labrum made of?
What is the blood supply of the ligament of the head of femur?
What attaches onto the linea aspra?
What two causes of particular concern are attributed to posterior hip-dislocations?
Fracture of the neck of acetabulum
Damage to the sciatic nerve
Name the intrinsic ligaments of the hip?
Ileofemoral ligament (limits extension to 10 degrees)
Define Hilton's law?
Nerves to muscles which move a joint also supply sensory innovation to the joint
Which arteries form the cruciate anastomosis?
1st perforating branch
Which arteries form the tochenteric anastomosis?
Where does the puedendal nerve travel through and what are its root values?
Lesser sciatic foreman
What muscles does the superior gluteal nerve innovate and what are its root values?
Gluteus medius and minimus
What muscles does the inferior gluteal nerve innovate and what are its root values?
What muscles does the nerve to obturator supply and what are its root values?
What muscles does the nerve to quadratus femoris supply and what are its root values?
What is of particular concern regarding a femoral neck fracture?
Loss of blood to the inter-capsule resulting in avascular necrosis