Flashcards in Female Repro Histology Deck (47)
What is the main function of the cervix
acts as a barrier to isolate the fetus to the outside world
What are the two parts of the cervix
What cell type lines the endocervix
simple columnar epithelium
Does the endocervix respond to hormone?
yes, the secretion can change its nature. During ovulation, it's watery, while other time it is thick and acts as a plug
What cell type lines the ectocervix
stratified squamous cells
Which part of the cervix is prone to malignancy
the ectocervix, and it sheds cells and is a layer that's constantly proliferating
What cell types line the vagina
stratified squamous with erectile lamina propria
T/F The longitudinal uterine muscles extend down to as far as the vagina
Which glands lubricate the vagina?
cervical glands and glands of vestibule
T/F Testosterone cause atrophy of the breast
True, and oestrogen + progesterone stimulate its growth
What is a terminal duct lobular unit?
The terminal portion of a lactiferous duct. It's a functional metabolic unit that produces milk
What happens to the stromal cells in breast during the luteal phase
they become more columnar with secretion. Fluid will accumulate and cause breast enlargement
T/F Myoepithelial cells surround the glands in breast
True, they can squeeze the glands
What does breast milk contain?
lipid, carbohydrate, protein, IgA
Which hormone stimulates milk production?
What signals actively trigger lactation?
suckling and baby's smell/cry, which inhibits prolactin releasing hormone and stimulates release of oxytocin