Female Repro Histology Flashcards Preview

Jonathan's Reproduction > Female Repro Histology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Repro Histology Deck (47)
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31

What is the main function of the cervix

acts as a barrier to isolate the fetus to the outside world

32

What are the two parts of the cervix

endocervix
ectocervix

33

What cell type lines the endocervix

simple columnar epithelium
glandular cells

34

Does the endocervix respond to hormone?

yes, the secretion can change its nature. During ovulation, it's watery, while other time it is thick and acts as a plug

35

What cell type lines the ectocervix

stratified squamous cells
non-secretory, non-glandular

36

Which part of the cervix is prone to malignancy

the ectocervix, and it sheds cells and is a layer that's constantly proliferating

37

What cell types line the vagina

stratified squamous with erectile lamina propria

38

T/F The longitudinal uterine muscles extend down to as far as the vagina

True

39

Which glands lubricate the vagina?

cervical glands and glands of vestibule

40

T/F Testosterone cause atrophy of the breast

True, and oestrogen + progesterone stimulate its growth

41

What is a terminal duct lobular unit?

The terminal portion of a lactiferous duct. It's a functional metabolic unit that produces milk

42

What happens to the stromal cells in breast during the luteal phase

they become more columnar with secretion. Fluid will accumulate and cause breast enlargement

43

T/F Myoepithelial cells surround the glands in breast

True, they can squeeze the glands

44

What does breast milk contain?

lipid, carbohydrate, protein, IgA

45

Which hormone stimulates milk production?

Prolactin

46

What signals actively trigger lactation?

suckling and baby's smell/cry, which inhibits prolactin releasing hormone and stimulates release of oxytocin

47

What are the cellular changes in breast during menopause

secretory cells disappear
connective tissue loses elasticity