Fetal Pathology Flashcards Preview

Repro > Fetal Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fetal Pathology Deck (18):
1

Years __-_ have the highest death rate

0-1

2

50% of early pregnancy loss are due to ___ defects

genetics (common ones include monosomy X, triploidy, trisomy 16)

3

Trisomy __ is the most frequent chromosomal issue

21 (down syndrome)

4

40% of down syndrome babies have congenital _ defects and have an increased risk of this cancer and this neurodegenerative disease

heart; leukemia; alzheimer's

5

__ _ syndrome is the most common chromosomal aberration in early pregnancy loss

monosomy x

6

Common turner syndrome issues include __ stature and ___ issues

short; gondal

7

TORCH infections- prenatal infections with major issues

Toxo, other (syphilis, Parvovirus B19), Rubella, CMV, Herpes

8

Preterm birth risk factors (4)

Preterm premature rupture of placental membranes
Intrauterine infection
Uterine, cervical, placental structural abnormalities
multiple gestation
UPIG

9

Neonates weighing less than __ grams are low birth weight

2500

10

Full term babies with low birth weight (small for gestational age) don't have functional immaturity but have ___ __

growth restriction

11

This is a significant complications of prematurity with the lung/respiration, it presents with breathing problems within 30 minutes of birth progressing to __. This is decreased in the lungs

hyaline membrane disease; cyanosis; surfactant

12

This preterm complication affects the gut

necrotizing enterocolitis

13

Hemorrhage here is a preterm birth complication

intraventricular hemorrhage

14

CXR of hyaline membrane disease shows

ground glass appearance

15

Hyaline membrane disease is compounded by

chronic neonatal lung disease

16

NEC risk increases with decreasing

birth weight

17

The ___ matrix lines the ventricles and is prone to bleeding and hemorrhage in preterm babies. What's the timing of this disease

germinal; immediately hours after birth

18

Wilms tumor is in the

kidney