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Flashcards in Pregnancy Deck (30):
1

Pregnant women have mechanical changes of the ___ __ and ___ to increase respiration; they're also more congested due to ___

sternal angle; diaphragm; estrogen

2

Pregnant women increase ___ volume at the expense of the ____ volumes making them prone to respiratory issues. They also increase their ___ ventilaltion

tidal; reserve; minute

3

__ of pregnancy results in increased breathing and is benign

dyspnea

4

____ output can increase 40-50% during pregnancy

cardiac

5

Term uterus gets __% of the cardiac output

17

6

Maternal position can compress the ___ and make women feel tired/faint

IVC

7

Progesterone drops peripheral _____ ___

vascular resistance

8

___ murmurs are NOT normal

diastolic

9

Pregnancy increases __ volume and can cause

water; edema

10

The max blood volume for a pregnant woman comes at

30-32 weeks

11

Physiologic __ of pregnancy may be caused by higher ratio of __ to __ blood cells

anemia; white; red

12

Pregnancy is a ____ state (blood)

hypercoagulable

13

There is an increase in ___ (clot) during pregnancy too

fibrinogen

14

Progesterone dilates the ___ (retroperitoneal structure), causing an increased rate of infection in the right ___. It also decreases __ (protein)

ureters; kidney; creatine

15

Progesterone effects on GI emptying- __ emptying of the stomach and gall bladder, the latter of which may cause ___

slower; stones

16

LFTs are __ during pregnancy, and liver made proteins like certain clotting factors __

normal; increase

17

Nausea and vomiting may be caused by increased

hCG

18

Occiput anterior is the ___ position for a babies birth and its face ___

best; down

19

Labor is both uterine ___ with cervical ___

contractions; dilations

20

Cervical effacement is the breakdown of cervical ___ and the __ pull of the cervical tissue

collagen; upward

21

Prostaglandin E and F are important for contraction and are produced by the ___ and __

decidua; myometrium

22

The oxytocin gene is upregulated by

estrogen

23

Full term is from __ weeks to ___ weeks and 6 days

39; 40

24

The first stage of labor has the cervix dilated _ cm in the latent phase and then dilating _ cm/hour in the active stage

6; 1

25

__ is when the baby's head enters the pelvic brim

engagement

26

In the second cardinal movement, the baby __ its head to get through the pelvis

flexes

27

Immediately post partum the excess __ must mobilize and may cause __ of the feet

fluid; edema

28

A complete 4th degree post partum tear extends all the way into the

rectum

29

Shoulder __ is when the shoulder gets stuck behind the pubic symphysis

dystocia

30

Three P's of birth

Passenger, passage, position