Flashcards in Fisheries Deck (35)
Fishery Management Plan
Stock assessments are designed to answer what questions?
1. What is the current status of a fish stock relative to established targets? 2. How much can fishermen catch while maintaining a healthy and sustainable fish stock?3. If a stock is depleted, what measures can be taken to rebuild it to a healthy abundance?
What data must be known to perform a stock assessment?
Catch data (amount removed by fishing)Abundance data (measure of the number of fish or weight of the stock)Biology data (growth rates and natural mortality)
To predict the future state of a fish stock, which model is the most used and how does it work?
Integrated Analysis Model. 3 levels of modeling with Population, Observation, and Statistical modeling.
What does FIS stand for?
Fisheries Information System.
What does FIS do?
Improve data collection and integration across regions of the United States.
What does FIN stand for?
Fisheries Information Network.
What is the purpose of FIN?
To collect, manage, and disseminate fisheries information in the Southeast Region (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean).
What are The National Standards?
Principles that must be followed in any FMP in order for it to be approved.
How many tons of fish are caught in the wild per year?
How many tons of fish are farmed per year?
How many tons of wild aquatic plants a harvested per year?
How many tons of aquatic plants are formed per year?
State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture
Top 3 Aquaculture production countries
China (27.8 million tons)
India (2.1 million tons)
Japan (.8 million tons)
What country has the largest EEZ claim?
France (surprising, but it has a bunch of islands)
Most of China and India’s Aquaculture is from what?
Freshwater fish and shellfish
What percent of fisheries are fully/overexploited?
What percent of fisheries are depleted?
Top 3 capture-based fishery production countries
China (17 million tons)
Peru (10.7 million tons)
Japan (5 million tons)
What percent of total protein consumption is composed of fish?
What is the largest use of fish in the US?
Fresh fish (for food)
Second largest use of fish in the US?
Top 3 fish caught worldwide
Anchoveta (Peruvian anchovy)
Alaskan Walleye Pollock
Chilean Jack Mackerel
How much of the annual harvest of fish worldwide comes from the Indian Ocean?
What does National Standard 2 deal with?
What does National Standard 3 deal with?
What does National Standard 4 deal with?
What does National Standard 5 deal with?
What does National Standard 7 deal with?
Costs and benefits
What does National Standard 9 deal with?
What does National Standard 8 deal with?
What does National Standard 1 deal with?
What does National Standard 10 deal with?
Safety of Life at Sea