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Flashcards in Missed Quizbowl questions Deck (50)
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1

When was the first recorded voyage by sea?

7250 BCE

2

The circumference was first accurately calculated by who?

Eratosthenes

3

Who were highly accomplished seamen who participated in exploration and trade in the north Atlantic?

Vikings

4

What European explorer discovered Florida?

Juan Ponce de Leon

5

Who created the first chronometer?

John Harrison

6

Who was the first European to chart the Pacific Ocean?

James Cook

7

What is Charles Darwin known for in relation to Oceanography?

Study of Coral Reefs

8

The Greek word graphia refers to what?

The act of recording and describing

9

The root of a word, -ology means what?

The study of

10

By the 4th century BCE who had traveled as far north as the coast of England?

Pytheas

11

The fetch refers to __________

the distance over which wind blows without interruption

12

Lines of equal temperature are called what?

Isotherms

13

To develop successfully the embryo of pacific cod require what?

A narrow temperature range

14

Most marine fish have cellular fluid with salinity ______

Lower than the salinity of sea water

15

Fresh water fish have body fluids that are _____

More saline than the surrounding water

16

What does SST stand for?

Sea Surface Temperature

17

Primary production in the temperate latitudes varies with ______

Season

18

What is a baby eel called?

elver

19

Do all salmon spawn once and die?

No

20

Are plants primary producers?

Yes

21

Are all animals heterotrophs?

Yes

22

Ecosystems operate by exchanging what two things?

Energy and matter

23

What bacteria breaks down organic material and causes the absence of oxygen?

Anaerobic

24

What are the two principle types of upwelling?

Equatorial and Coastal

25

What determines the speed of a fish?

Shape, Size, and Build

26

Potential biomass production decreases with increasing _____ in the food chain?

Trophic level

27

What is the part of land that touches the sea and changes location with tide?

The beach

28

Refraction of waves can result in a decrease of what?

Strength

29

Barrier islands are composed of what?

Sediment

30

What are estuaries?

Region where fresh water meets salt water