Oceanic Geological Features Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Oceanic Geological Features Deck (32):
1

What is the SLA?

Submerged Lands Act

2

What is the NEPA?

National Environmental Policy Act

3

What is an EIS?

Enviromental Impact Statement

4

What does the Coastal Management Act do?

Preserve, protect, enhance, and restore coastal zones

5

What is a CZMP?

Coastal Zone Management Plan

6

What Act created the National Estuarine Research Reserve System?

The Coastal Zone Management Act

7

What is the CBRA

Coastal Barrier Resources Act

8

What is the MMPA? When was it passed?

Marine Mammal Protection Act, 1972

9

When was the Endangered Species Act passed?

1973

10

What is an IFQ?

Individual Fishing Quota

11

What is the UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea

12

Include all waters interior of the baseline

Internal Waters

13

Baseline

Mean low water mark

14

Territorial Waters

Zone within 12 nautical miles of baseline

15

Contiguous Zone

12 to 24 nautical miles from baseline

16

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

17

Where does the Exclusive Economic Zone extend to?

200 nautical miles

18

Isobath

line of 2500 meter depth

19

Continental Shelf Zone (In UNCLOS)

prolongation of EEZ along the continental shelf, no more than 350 nautical miles from baseline or 100 nautical miles from isobath.

20

Mare liberium

freedom of the seas

21

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environmental Development

22

MARPOL

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships

23

What did MARPOL accomplish?

Comprehensive global convention limiting the pollution of ships, including oil, garbage, liquids, sewage, and plastics

24

IMO

International Maritime Organization

25

IWC

International Whaling Convention

26

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

27

What is the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean?

Puerto Rico trench (28,231 ft)

28

Deepest part of the Indian Ocean?

Java Trench (25,344 ft)

29

Deepest part of the southern ocean?

South Sandwich Trench (7,263 M)

30

Deepest part of the Arctic Ocean?

The Eurasia Basin (17,881 ft.)

31

What two plates collide to make the Mariana Trench?

Philippine and Pacific

32

Which ocean is shallowest on average?

Arctic