Flashcards in Oceanic Geological Features Deck (32):
What is the SLA?
Submerged Lands Act
What is the NEPA?
National Environmental Policy Act
What is an EIS?
Enviromental Impact Statement
What does the Coastal Management Act do?
Preserve, protect, enhance, and restore coastal zones
What is a CZMP?
Coastal Zone Management Plan
What Act created the National Estuarine Research Reserve System?
The Coastal Zone Management Act
What is the CBRA
Coastal Barrier Resources Act
What is the MMPA? When was it passed?
Marine Mammal Protection Act, 1972
When was the Endangered Species Act passed?
What is an IFQ?
Individual Fishing Quota
What is the UNCLOS
United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea
Include all waters interior of the baseline
Mean low water mark
Zone within 12 nautical miles of baseline
12 to 24 nautical miles from baseline
Exclusive Economic Zone
Where does the Exclusive Economic Zone extend to?
200 nautical miles
line of 2500 meter depth
Continental Shelf Zone (In UNCLOS)
prolongation of EEZ along the continental shelf, no more than 350 nautical miles from baseline or 100 nautical miles from isobath.
freedom of the seas
United Nations Conference on Environmental Development
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships
What did MARPOL accomplish?
Comprehensive global convention limiting the pollution of ships, including oil, garbage, liquids, sewage, and plastics
International Maritime Organization
International Whaling Convention
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
What is the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean?
Puerto Rico trench (28,231 ft)
Deepest part of the Indian Ocean?
Java Trench (25,344 ft)
Deepest part of the southern ocean?
South Sandwich Trench (7,263 M)
Deepest part of the Arctic Ocean?
The Eurasia Basin (17,881 ft.)
What two plates collide to make the Mariana Trench?
Philippine and Pacific