FN: Tinnitus Flashcards Preview

Final Notes > FN: Tinnitus > Flashcards

Flashcards in FN: Tinnitus Deck (13):
1

Definition

Sensation of sound w/o external sound stimulation

2

Causes

specific
General
Drugs

3

Specific causes

menieres
Acoustic neuroma
Otosclerosis
Noise-induced
Head injury
Hearing loss e.g. presbyacusis

4

General causes

Raised BP
Reduced Hb

5

Drugs causes

Aspirin
Aminoglycosdes
Loop diuretics
EtOH

6

History character

Constant pulsatile

7

Presentation unilateral diagnosis

acoustic neuroma

8

FH presentation

Otosclerosis

9

Associations

Vertigo: Menieres, acoustic neuroma
Deafness: Menieres, acoustic neuroma

10

Causes

Head injury, noise, drugs, FH

11

Examination

Otoscopy
Tuning fork tests
Pulse and BP

12

Investigations

audiometry and tympanogram
MRI if unilateral to exlcude acoustic neuroma

13

Management

Treat any underlying causes
Psych support: tinnitus retraining therapy
Hypnotics @ night may help

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