G. A. urogenital system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G. A. urogenital system Deck (28)
1

what does the kidney arise from?

posterior mesoderm

2

what the functional unit of the kidney called?

the nephron

3

which kidney is lower? Right or left?

Right;
both are surrounded with perirenal fat border

4

where are the renal pyramids located?

Medulla

5

what is the pH of semen?

7.2

6

what is the route that sperm travels?

seminiferous tubules> rete testis> efferent ductules> head> tail epididymis> vas deferens which joins the urethra at prostate

7

what is the outside to inside of spermatogenesis?

spermatogonia> primary spermatocyte> secondary spermatocyte> spermatids> spermatozoa

8

what makes up the outer portion of spermatogenesis?

SUSTENTACULAR OR SUPPORTING CELLS OF SERTOLI
INSTERSTITIAL CELLS OF LEYDIG- MAKE TESTOSTERONE

9

what hormone controls spermatogenesis?

FSH

10

what is the function of spermatogenesis?

where sertoli cells nurture immature sperm

11

function of luteinizing hormone?

causes secretion on testosterone by interstitial cells of leydig

12

what is the primary reproductive organ in females?

ovaries

13

what do ovaries produce?

estrogen & progesterone

14

what is the purpose of the ovarian ligament?

anchors ovaries medially to the uterus

15

what is the purpose of the suspensory ligament?

suspends ovaries laterally to the pelvic wall

16

purpose of broad ligament?

supports uterine tubes, uterus, & vagina

17

what does Estrogen do?

1. enlarges the uterus during pregancny
2. maintains and prevents degeneration of reproductive organs
3. responsible for proliferation

18

what secretes estrogen? when?

corpus luteum
in 1st 1/2 of cycle

19

when is progesterone secreted? when is it increased?

corpus luteum in 2nd 1/2 of cycle
increased in pregnancy
secretion

20

what does FSH do?

matures follicles & proliferation in nongravid uterus

21

what does LH do?

stimulates pre-ovulating follicle causing rupture of follicle & ovulation

22

what does HCG do?

maintains corpus luteum

23

what is predominate in pregancny?

progesterone

24

what is secreted by corpus luteum?

estrogen
progesterone

25

what makes up the uterine tube?

fimbris
infundibulum
ampulla
isthmus

26

what makes up the broad ligament?

mesosalpinx
mesovarium
mesometrium

27

what makes up the uterus?

fundus
body
os

28

what makes up the wall of the uterus body?

out>in
perimetrium
myometrium
endometrium