Path: Nervous system Flashcards Preview

board review part 1 > Path: Nervous system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Path: Nervous system Deck (24)
1

multiple sclerosis

female
plaquing
charcots triad (SIN)- staccato, slurred speech, intention tremor, nystagmus
affects the cerebellum

2

ALS

amylotropic lateral sclerosis (lou gehrigs diseas)
motor- usually present as LMNL of the upper extremity
UMNL of the lower extremity
muscle weakness
Both atrophy and spasticity
dysarthria
dysphagia
dyspnea

3

PLS

postero-lateral sclerosis (combined systems disease)
neurological effects of vit. B12 deficiency
GLOVE & STOCKING PARESTHESIA

4

Syringomyelia

Fluid filled cavities, present at birth- expand in adulthood
SHAWL OR CAPELIKE PARASTHESIA
Syrinx in cervicals
loss pain & temp: LATERAL SPINOTHALAMIC tract bilateral

5

Alzheimer's

Neuro-tangles- present dementia, occurs 50-60 y/o

6

parkinsons

aka PARALYSIS AGITANS
pill-rolling; resting tremors
postural instability
muscular rigidity
mask-like face
shuffling gait
LEWY BODIES!!

7

cerebral palsy

anoxia at birth, does not progress
chorea & anthotosis- associated

8

poliomyelitis

can affect both CNS & PNS, paralysis

9

Neurofibromas

benign nerve hseath tumor
genetically inherited
physical disfiguration
pain
cognitive disability

10

progressive bulbar palsy

difficuly chewing, swallowing, and talking
poor prognosis

11

what are abrupt jerky movements?

chorea

12

what are worm-like rhythmic motions?

Athotosis

13

commissure lesions are always unilateral, T or F?

false
always bilateral

14

RSDS

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome
or CRPS- complex regional pain synd. or Sudek's atrophy
pain following injury
autonomic changes
hair loss
increased or NO sweat
-injured proximally the pain would be distal.
In extremities

15

Horners syndrome

interruption of sympathetics
ptosis
miosis
anhydrosis
unilateral

16

Graves

hyperthyroidism
exopthalmosis
weight loss
insomnia
anxiety
tremors

17

SLE

lupus
females
butterfly rash on face "MALAR"
red wolf
systemic
arthralgia

18

sjogrens

dry eyes; dry mouth; arthitis

19

scleroderma

aka PSS progressive systemic sclerosis
chronic progressive
thickening of the skin
CREST sign

20

what is CREST sign

calcinosis
raynauds
esophageal dysfunction
sclerodactyly
telangiectasia

21

trisomy 21

downs sysndrome
mother over 40
die between 40-50
die from heart problems

22

turners syndrom

XO infantile female
no period/breasts
secondary sexuall characteristics
45X

23

klinefelter

XXY may
small testes
possible mental deficiency (47)

24

DiGeorge anomaly

thymic hypoplasia
T cell immunodeficiency