Flashcards in G.A. Respiratory system Deck (21)
name the sinuses
what makes up the nasal cavity?
roof (cribriform plate)
floor & walls
what is the larynx located between?
pharynx & trachea
what are the cartilages located in the larynx?
what are the ligaments in the larynx?
what closes the nasopharynx?
mylohyoid & digastric muscles during swallowing
what is housed in the palatoglossus?
what type of muscle does the esophagus have?
smooth and skeletal
upper 1/3 skeletal
middle 1/3 sk. & smooth
lower 1/3 smooth
how many cartilaginous rings make up the trachea?
go from cricoid to bronchi (T4-T5)
what is the carina?
marks the division of trachea into primary bronchi (where the couch reflex originates)
which Bronchi is shorter & wider, right or left?
RIGHT; also vertical
(left would be opposite)
how many lobes are in the Right lung?
3 sup., middle, inf.
separated by oblique & horizontal fissures
how many lobes in the Left lung?
2; upper lobe (has cardiac notch & lingula)
Lower lobe is divided by oblique fissure
which lobe gets more pneumonia/strep?
Right; middle lobe
where is simple squamous located? function?
L: ALVEOLI & capillaries
F: allows for gas exhange
where is stratified squamous function? location?
F: provides protection
L: oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anal canal, vagina & skin
Function & location of cuboidal cells?
L: small ducts & tubes; salivary glands, kidney tubules, pancreatic ducts
F: secretion & Absorption
Function & Location of Simple columnar?
F: absorption & secretion of mucous & enzymes
L: GI tract
Function & location of ciliated columnar?
F: absorption/secretion, pulse to push along particles
L: small bronchi & uterine tubes
function & locaton of pseudostratified ciliated columnar?
F: absorption/secretion of mucous and ciliary action which pushes mucous
L: respiratory tract