G.A. Respiratory system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G.A. Respiratory system Deck (21)
1

name the sinuses

Frontal
Ethmoid
Sphenoid
Maxillary

2

what makes up the nasal cavity?

roof (cribriform plate)
floor & walls

3

what is the larynx located between?

pharynx & trachea

4

what are the cartilages located in the larynx?

thyroid
cricoid
epiglottis
arytenoid
corniculate
cuneiform

5

what are the ligaments in the larynx?

vocal
vestibular
conus elasticus

6

what closes the nasopharynx?

mylohyoid & digastric muscles during swallowing

7

what is housed in the palatoglossus?

palatine tonsils

8

what type of muscle does the esophagus have?

smooth and skeletal
upper 1/3 skeletal
middle 1/3 sk. & smooth
lower 1/3 smooth

9

how many cartilaginous rings make up the trachea?

16-20
go from cricoid to bronchi (T4-T5)

10

what is the carina?

marks the division of trachea into primary bronchi (where the couch reflex originates)

11

which Bronchi is shorter & wider, right or left?

RIGHT; also vertical
(left would be opposite)

12

how many lobes are in the Right lung?

3 sup., middle, inf.
separated by oblique & horizontal fissures

13

how many lobes in the Left lung?

2; upper lobe (has cardiac notch & lingula)
Lower lobe is divided by oblique fissure

14

which lobe gets more pneumonia/strep?

Right; middle lobe

15

where is simple squamous located? function?

L: ALVEOLI & capillaries
F: allows for gas exhange

16

where is stratified squamous function? location?

F: provides protection
L: oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anal canal, vagina & skin

17

Function & location of cuboidal cells?

L: small ducts & tubes; salivary glands, kidney tubules, pancreatic ducts
F: secretion & Absorption

18

Function & Location of Simple columnar?

F: absorption & secretion of mucous & enzymes
L: GI tract

19

Function & location of ciliated columnar?

F: absorption/secretion, pulse to push along particles
L: small bronchi & uterine tubes

20

function & locaton of pseudostratified ciliated columnar?

F: absorption/secretion of mucous and ciliary action which pushes mucous
L: respiratory tract

21

Transitional cell function & location?

F: distension
L: bladder, part of urethra & uterus