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Flashcards in general terms Deck (59):
1

not present at birth

acquired

2

fibrous band that holds parts together that are normally separate

adhesion

3

sharp bend of a structure to form an angle

angulation

4

consolidation and abnormal immobility of a joint

ankylosis

5

malformation; a deviation from normal, usually referring to a congenital or hereditary defect

anomaly

6

the front of

anterior

7

joint (bones in contact with one another)

articulation

8

surgical fusion of an articulation

arthrodesis

9

wasting away, as may be seen with lack of nutrition, nerve supply, or normal use of all or part of the body

atrophy

10

present on both sides

bilateral

11

an abnormal position of dorsiflexion

calcaneus

12

cave like, high arch in foot

cavus

13

isotonic contraction in which the muscle shortens

concentric

14

present at birth

congenital

15

tendency of a muscle to shorten

contraction

16

the abnormal relatively permanent shortening of a muscle

contracture

17

hip

coxa

18

elbow

cubitus

19

to identify the disorder

diagnosis

20

the complete and persistent displacement of a bone from its normal position

dislocation

21

general term meaning farther from

distal

22

the back of

dorsal

23

isotonic contraction in which the muscle lengthens

eccentric

24

the ends of long bones, site of the secondary centers of ossification

epiphysis

25

an abnormal position of plantar flexion

equinus

26

the cause of

etiology

27

weak, paralyzed, atonic

flaccid

28

to make solid

fusion

29

knee

genu

30

the great or big toe

hallux

31

increased growth

hypertrophy

32

the cause is unknown

idiopathic

33

lower

inferior

34

the junction between two or more bones

joint

35

general term meaning farther from the midline

lateral

36

general term meaning nearer to the midline

medial

37

foot

pes

38

flat

plana

39

the back of

posterior

40

relationship of body segments to one another

posture

41

the future of the disorder

prognosis

42

lying face down

prone

43

general term meaning nearer to

proximal

44

backward of reverse curve

recurvatum

45

range of motion of a joint

ROM

46

findings revealed in an examination

signs

47

non volitional muscular contraction

spasm

48

muscle contraction where there is no resultant joint movement

static

49

partial of temporary dislocation

subluxation

50

lying face up

supine

51

the same on both sides

symmetrical

52

the patients complaints; sensations that a person feels and describes

symptoms

53

the group of typical symptoms or signs that characterize a deficiency or a disease

syndrome

54

a band of dense fibrous tissue forming the termination of a muscle to the bone

tendon

55

state of partial contraction characteristic of normal muscle

tonus

56

an injury, wound, or shock; usually produced by external forces

trauma

57

an abnormal growth of cells; a swelling

tumor

58

distal segment farther from the midline

valgum

59

distal segment nearer the midline

varum